Cool Drink of Water /o/

Big Glass of Water
By: Hanna Lane Blevins

    Rationale:  Students who are beginning readers normally need help understanding certain grapheme/phoneme relationships, such as short and long vowels.  This lesson's purpose is to help students learn that o=/o/.  

    Materials:
    For Teacher
    For Students:
   
    Procedure:
   
        1.  First, I will introduce the phoneme/grapheme correspondence.  "Class, today we are learning about short o.  This /o/ says "ah", like what you would say after taking a big sip of a cool drink on a hot day.  I'm going to set this picture of someone saying "ah" while they sip their lemonade up just so you can remind yourselves what /o/ looks like." Put the picture up on the board.  "Now I want everyone to act like you're taking a big sip of cool lemonade or water and then say "ah".  Good! That is a sound o makes!"

        2.  "Now I want everyone to look up here at our tongue twister.  I'm going to read it once and I want you to repeat it after me.  Bob and Rob hop and mop on the top of the bog.  Ok everyone repeat it….  Awesome job everyone!  Lets read it again and this time stretch out every /o/ says 'ah' sound.  Booob and Rooob  hooop and mooop ooon the tooop oooof the boooog.  That was great guys!

        3.  "Ok class, I’m going to read you some word pairs.  I want you to tell me when you hear the /o/=ah sound.  

        4.  "Ok everyone, now that we know how /o/ sounds, we are going to spell some words with /o/ says 'ah'.  Everyone put out your letterboxes on your desk and take out your letter tiles.  We need the letters a, c, e, f, g, I, k, l, m, o, p, r, s, and t.  Remember you only put one sound per box." Model the word mop: "Ok.  If I have the word mop to spell I put my letter boxes like this, and put m in the first one /o/=ah in the second box, and p in the last one.  Ok! Now it’s your turn!" Read the list of words (on, fog, top, mom, flop, stop, clop (review words: tap, red, kick) and walk around and check their work as they go along.  "Ok, now we are going to read them off the board.  Look up here and read the word when I finish writing it together."

        5.  "Alright.  Everyone has a copy of Doc in the Fog on their desk.  Please take that out.  This story is about a wizard named Doc.  He loves to change things into other things.  He turns a mop into a top, a top into a dog, and a lot of other things.  What else could he turn change things into?  Let’s read it and find out!  I want everyone to read this book silently to yourself first, and then we will read aloud together as a class.  Raise your hand if you need help!"

    Assessment:

To make sure the class fully understands /o/=ah, the class will complete a worksheet with pictures of words that contain the /o/ sound.  They will have a pair of pictures and they will have to recognize the name of the picture and circle which one contains the /o/ sound.  It will include mop, fog, top, etc. 

    Resources:

        Montgomery, Morgan Uhh, Where is my Umbrella?

        Doc in the Fog (1990). Educational Insights