Reading to Learn
Rationale: Visualization is a key strategy when reading. It is important for students to visualize what they are reading because it helps them to better comprehend the text. In this lesson, students will make connections between the text and their background knowledge by visualizing what they understood while reading. They will express their visualization through artwork.
Materials: Poem My
Snowman by Neal Levin for each student
: Drawing paper
: Markers and crayons
: Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan (HaperCollins Publishers.
: Pre-drawn visualization of My Snowman
: Assessment checklist (See below)
1. “Today we are going to learn how to visualize something while we are reading. Who can tell me what visualize means?” [Allow children time to respond.] “That’s right, to visualize something means to see it in your mind even though it’s really not there. I’m sure everyone has visualized something before. Let’s practice for just a minute. I want everyone to close your eyes and think about a nice, hot, summer day on the beach.” Allow time for children to visualize. “I saw the waves crashing on the shore and children playing in the sand while their mom and dad sat under the beach umbrella. Who can tell me what they saw?.” Allow time for children to respond. “Great job, what you all just did was called visualization.”
2. Give each child a copy of the poem My Snowman by Neal Levin. “This poem is about how the author would make a special snowman. Who remembers how to read silently?” [Allow time for children to respond.] “That’s exactly right. We read to ourselves so that no one hears us. Now I want you to silently read the poem to yourself.” [Allow time for children to read while you also read the poem silently.] “Now I will read the poem aloud to you and I want you to close your eyes and visualize what I read.” [Read poem while children visualize.] “Who would like to share with me what they visualized?” Allow share time. Hold up a drawing (previously drawn) of what you visualized when you read this poem the first time. “This is what my drawing would look like if I drew what I visualized when I read this poem.” Explain drawing to children and why you drew what you drew. “I saw a snowman in someone’s front yard, decorated with all types of lemon candy. Then I saw the sun coming out in the afternoon, melting the snowman into a puddle.”
3. Give each child a copy of the book Sarah, Plain and Tall. “This is a new book we will be reading in class. It is about two children, Caleb and Anna, that live with their father on a farm. Their mother died years ago. For many years it has just been the children and their father. Well, now their father wants to find a wife, so he puts an ad out seeking a wife. A woman named Sarah replies to his ad and comes to live with the family for a short period of time to see how things work out. Do you think they will end up together? We’ll have to read to find out.” Give each child a piece of drawing paper, markers, and crayons. “Now I would like for you to read the first chapter of the book and then draw a picture of what you visualized while you were reading.” [Allow time for children to read and draw pictures.]
Assessment: Have children come in front of class and tell about their drawings. Assess children’s drawings on their depiction of what the author was trying to make the reader visualize in the first chapter and also assess children’s ability to correctly describe the picture in relation to the first chapter. Use checklist for assessment:
· Student demonstrates an ability to use the author’s words to create a mental picture and put that into a drawing.
· Student correctly describes the drawing in relation to the first chapter.
Levin, Neal. My Snowman. http://www.gigglepoetry.com/poem.aspx?PoemID=35&CategoryID=2
Grimes, Jeanine. Picture It! http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/invent/grimesrl.html
Meagan. Visualizing Sarah, Just Plain and Tall. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/guides/spradlinrl.html
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