"Alexander said A-a-achoo"
In order for children to
learn to read they must first understand
phonemes. Specifically, that letters stand for phonemes and
spellings map out the phonemes in spoken words. Children first
have to accomplish letter recognition and phoneme awareness, grasping
first, the phonemes in spoken words. This lesson will aim at
teaching short /a/ because
short vowels are probably the toughest phonemes to identify and
learn. They will learn to recognize /a/ in spoken words by learning;
meaningful representation, a letter symbol, and practice finding /a/ in words.
Primary paper and pencil; chart
with "Alexander asked for ashy amber
apples,'' drawing paper and crayons, picture page with hat, hut, cat,
cut, flash, flush, bag, past, jam, A
1. Begin by explaining that
letters make specific mouth moves,
and each letter makes your mouth move differently. Introduce the
letter a and explain that it
is the mouth move we'll be working on today. It may be hard at
first to spot /a/ in words but
as the lesson continues and you get some practice you'll be able to
hear /a/ in many different
2. Have you ever heard
in A-a-achoo? That's the mouth move we're looking for in
Let's pretend to sneeze and say /a/.
If you're about to sneeze your mouth is ready to say /a/, that helps me to remember to
say /a/ and not /A/.
3. Let's try a tongue
twister [on chart]. "Alexander asked
for ashy amber apples." Now everyone say it. This time when
we say it, let's drag out the /a/.
"AAAlexander aaasked for aaashy aaamber aaapples."
4. [Have students take
out paper and pencil] We can use the
letter a to spell the sound /a/. Let's write it
together. First start at the fence and make little c. Then draw a line
connecting the open mouth of the c.
I want you to keep writing the /a/
and queitly say the /a/ sound
as you write. [as students are practicing the letter a I will go around and monitor
5. Listen for the
sound in class. Stretch it out slowly so you can listen to each
sound in the word. C-c-c-l-l-l-a-a-a-s-s-s-s-s Do you hear /a/ in class?
6. [ I will call on
students to answer, explaining their
answers] Do you hear /a/
in cap or cup? Flash or flush? Trash or fish? Pest or past?
7. Do book talk for A
Cat Nap. A cat names
Tab likes to take naps. One
day he crawls into Sam's bag to take a nap. Sam takes the bag to
a baseball game. What will happen when Sam finds Tab in the bag
at the game? Let's read to find out! When finished call on
students to give examples of words where they heard short a.
8. For assessment,
distribute the picture page and aide students
in naming the pictures. Ask each student to circle the pictures
whose names have /a/
Cushman, Shelia. A Cat
Thaxton, Wade. "Adam's Fat
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