Let’s Summarize!!

 

 

 
Reading to Learn

 Tiffany Miller

 

Rationale:

It is important for students to know how to summarize when they are reading text. This lesson will teach students to understand what they are reading. By summarizing the text students will be able to pick out the main idea and the important details. They will ultimately learn how to find meaning in what they read.

 Materials:

-         A copy of the article “Word Wizards” from Time for Kids Magazine for each student

-         A chart with the 5 summarization steps listed:                                                      

            1.     Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.
            2.    Pick out the less important or repeated ideas and eliminate them.
            3.    Highlight the important and necessary details using key words.
            4.    Pick a topic sentence
            5.    Invent a topic sentence if there is none.       

 -      Paper

 -      Pencil

 -      Chalk

 Procedure:

1. To begin the lesson I will start off by reviewing silent reading with the class.  “Who can tell me what silent reading is? Right, silent reading is when we read with our eyes and not out loud. Does anyone know why do we read silently? Good, we do this because it helps us comprehend what we are reading. There are also other things we can do to help us comprehend or understand what we are reading. One way is by summarizing our text. Who can tell me what it means to summarize?  Right, when we summarize something we retell it, stressing only the most essential parts in order to emphasize the main idea. When you are summarizing a text, you must construct a shorter description of what you read. This means you take out any information that is not important or that is repeated in the text.”  Explain to the students that summarization helps us to comprehend the text. “Today I am going to teach a few necessary steps that will help you begin to summarize your readings, and then we will practice summarizing some text together. “

 2. There are five steps to summarization. I will write each of the steps on the board one at a time and explain them until I have all five steps listed.

            1.    Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.
            2.    Pick out the less important or repeated ideas and eliminate them.
            3.    Highlight the important and necessary details using key words.
            4.    Pick a topic sentence
            5.    Invent a topic sentence if there is none.       

 3. Next, I will pass out the article, “Word Wizards”, for each of the students to read silently.  I will make sure I give the students ample time so that they can completely finish reading the text.

 4. After each of the students finish reading, I will model how to summarize the first paragraph by using the 5 steps of summarization. First, let’s pick out important details that are necessary to the story. Then we will pick out the less important or repeated ideas and eliminate them. Next we will highlight the important and necessary details using key words.  Lastly, we will pick a topic sentence.  Invent a topic sentence if there is none. Before I summarize the paragraph I will read it out loud and have the students listen for the important details. After summarizing the paragraph, remind the students again, of the five summarization steps you used to construct the summary.  “Did you notice how I pulled the helpful or significant information, leaving behind the less important details from the story? Great! Now I will write down some important highlights or keywords from the story in chronological order on the board. Finally, I will cut the list of key words down to one topic sentence.”  I will then read the topic sentence out loud to the students.

5. Next, I will give the students a chance to reread the article silently.

6. After the students have reread the article I will have them take out a pencil and paper and summarize the rest of the article. I will explain to the students that the summary needs to be in their own words and that it should only encompass the main thoughts or ideas of the article. As the students complete their summaries, I will walk around the room to make sure each of the students understand the assignment.

7..  Assessment: I will take up each of the students summaries to make sure that the students followed the five steps to summarization and that their summary is in their own words.

 References:

 Brock, Allison.Super Summarizers. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/constr/brockrl.html

 “Word Wizards” from the same Time for Kids Magazine (April 9, 2004, Vol. 9,

      No.23) – http://www.timeforkids.com

 
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