It Said What?



Learning Through Readings
Turneqois Mark



Rationale:
    It is very important for children to comprehend while reading.  This goal allows children to re-tell a story by summarization and understand steps and processes that happened in a story.  This lesson will guide children to summarize stories by using summarization steps as a group and then individually when they are reading silently or do not have anyone around to guide their thinking. They will do this by understanding what is needed for them to re-tell a story by picking out the key points.


Materials:
    -Paper
    -Pencil
    -Whiteboard
    -Dry Erase Marker

    -Highlighter

    -A bookmark for each student with the 5 summarization steps on it
           Summarization steps:
            1.    Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.
            2.    Pick out the less important or repeated ideas from the passage  and eliminate them.
            3.    Highlight the important and necessary details using key words.
            4.    Pick a topic sentence
            5.    Invent a topic sentence if there is none.
    -Copy’s of Space Rock Makes a Crash Landing for each student.

Procedure:
1.    The first question I will ask the student “Do any of you know what comprehension means?”  I will wait for the children to respond and review what they have said.  “Wonderful!  Comprehension has two parts.  The first thing you must do when you comprehend is to understand what you are reading.  The second part of comprehension is to remember what you have read.  You do not have to remember everything that happened in the story, but you will need to know enough key points that you will be able to tell others about the story.  Today we are going to learn a couple of steps that are going to help us comprehend our reading.  This new technique is called summarization.  When we summarize, we choose the most important parts of the story or passage that we are reading;  this means we take out some of the stuff that really doesn’t have anything to do with the main idea or the idea the author wanted us to get after reading the story.”

2.    Explain summarization.  "We have 5 easy steps to remember in summarization."  Write them on the whiteboard as they are explained so students will follow along.  "The first step is to pick out important details that we think are necessary to the story.  Number two says to pick out the less important ideas or ideas that are repeated and take them away.  Number three says to highlight the important and necessary details using key words.  Next, we pick a topic sentence.  Our last step is to invent a topic sentence if we don’t have one.  I’m going to pass out bookmarks to each of you that have these steps on them so you won’t forget our 5 steps of summarization.  The bookmarks can be used to help the children.

3.    "Alright, now that we are familiar with comprehension and summarization, we are going to read the first paragraph from the article I gave you to put our steps into action.  This article has something falling from the sky.  There is a house below; I wonder where these items will fall?  You must read the article to find out.  Read the paragraph SILENTLY to yourselves.  While you are reading, make sure that you are getting enough information to summarize the two paragraphs.  Remember how important it is to try and figure out the important details from the details that are no that important when you are summarizing.  When you are finished please put your highlighters down so that we may move on."

4.    When the students are finished reading, I will summarize the first paragraph with the entire class to give them explicit instructions to make sure that they understand the steps of summarization and how to put them into play.  "When I read the first paragraph, these are my main points.” Writing the following on the board: 
1. A grapefruit size meteorite crashed through a roof.  2.  The house was in New Zealand"Does anyone have anything different, if so would you please share and tell why you chose it?”   The new ideas would be written on the board.  "I am going to keep reading to make sure that I use all of the steps on the bookmarks.  I just finished our first step and picked out what I thought were the important details.  My next step is to pick out the less important points from the paragraph.  I think these would be:  1. The meteorite slammed into a couch.  2.  Hit the ceiling.  3. It rolled under a table."  I will write these on the board.  "Did anyone get something different?"  If they did, write it on the board.  "What is my next step?"  Wait for student to suggest:  highlight some keywords.  "Great job!  You’re right.  I thought that the keywords were grapefruit sized, meteorite, roof, and New Zealand.  Did anybody get another word?"  If they did, write it on the board.  "What do I need to do now?"  Wait for student response.  “That’s correct!  “I am about the write a topic sentence, this is what I came up:  “Writing the sentence on the board,”A grapefruit sized meteorite crashed through the roof of a house in New Zealand.  Did anyone get anything else?"  For all the students who have something different, I will write it on the board and discuss why they chose that.  "Good!  Since we just came up with our topic sentence, we don’t need to do step 5 since that step is to invent a topic sentence."  Make sure that all of this is written on the board so that they will be able to use it when they are reading the rest of the article by themselves.  

5.    "Is everyone comfortable with summarizing now?  Great!  Now that you are all comfortable with summarizing, I want you to read the rest of the article silently and summarize it using our steps.  If you need any help you can look on the board or at your bookmarks."  

6.    When they have finished reading silently, they will summarize the article on their own.  "Now that you are all finished reading, take out your piece of paper and pencil and summarize the article.  Make sure that you remember to list the important details of the article.  Separate the important details from the less important ones.  Then, make sure you list your keywords.  Using your keywords and your main points, form your topic sentence.  If you have any questions, please raise your hand and I’ll come and help you!"

7.    For assessment, I will take up the student’s summarizations to see how well they understood the concept.  I will use the bookmarks as my own checklist to make sure that they used all of the steps of summarization correctly.  I will walk around to make sure that they are following the steps written on the board and on their bookmarks.  There will be sample answers on the board to help and give student’s ideas of what type answers they are looking for to re-tell or summarizes the story.


References:

“Space Rock Makes a Crash Landing.”  Staff.  National Geographics Kids Magazine. 
     http://news.nationalgeographic.com/kids/space.html  18 April 2005.

Vest, Amy.  What’s the Main Idea??  
    http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/breakthroughs/vestrl.html

 

Summin it all up, Reading to learn.  http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/connect/meltonrl.html

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