Let’s Read with Expression!
Rationale: It’s wonderful when a
to read words and you see improvements in decoding skills.
This is not, however the end of the journey
in becoming a skilled reader. If we want
to see children read at an expert level we must teach them to read
well as independently. Fluency requires
the ability to read smoothly, silently, and expressively.
This lesson will help in directing you to
give children the tools they will need to read with as much expression
Primary writing paper
Poster board showing different expressive sentences: ex. Let's go to the park! Do you want pizza or soup?
Teacher's copy of Spiders in the Fruit Cellar by Barbara M. Joosse
Assortment of level appropriate, decodable books for the students to choose from to read with expression
Teacher checklist for assesment
1. We all love to read books. They have wonderful stories that help us use our imagination! Today we are going to learn how to read with expression. Does anyone know what that means? Reading with expression means that we read stories so that we show feelings, such as sad, happy, excited, mad, and scared. When we read with expression, we make what we are reading more exciting and interesting to hear, if we are reading to ourselves or to someone else.
2. Listen to me as I say this sentence, with no expression. (Read sentence with no expression) It wasn‘t very interesting because I didn‘t use any feeling when I read it. Now listen as I say this sentence with expression. (Read with much expression) Did you hear the difference? It was more interesting and made the sentence easier to listen to because I used different soudns in my voice to make it interesting. I would like for you to practice talking with no expression and then talking with much expression. (Assign partners and give the students a few minutes to talk expressively and unexpressively to one another) That was great! I heard lots of expression while you were talking.
3. I want everyone to look
up at this
poster that has some sentences on it. Each sentence is followed by some
symbol. These symbols are called punctuation.
Punctuation is what helps us know what expression the writer
to use to make the story sound its best.
A period [show what a period is] at the end of a sentence
that a statement is being made. These sentences may be read with less
expression than other sentences, but you can still change the volume
of your voice to make the sentence sound more interesting. (Show
sentence - The dog ran and jumped at the park.) Now, let's try
sentence with an exclamation point [show an exclamation mark and
purpose] at the end. Remember that an exclamation point will make us
excited. (Wow! This place is great!) Did you notice how I read
sentence with lots of excitement?
4. That was great practice and I am so glad to hear all of you using so much expression. Now I am going to read you a book using a lot of expression. (Read Spiders in the Fruit Cellar to the students) What are some different kinds of expressions I used when I read this book to you? (allow student to respond and go back to examples they point out in the book for extra review and feedback - this can be part of an assessment)
5. Now that you have
expressive reading and understand what that means, we are going to do a
activity. I would like each of you to write a short story using
expression. (Go over all punctuation
with the students so they
will remember all the types of expression they can use) You will
ten minutes to write. You can make them silly, scary, happy, or sad;
you want them to be. These are YOUR expressive stories. (After ten
has passed, have the students get a partner and read their story to one
another. After all of the stories have been read, the teacher may
select a few
students to read their story to the class using expression).
6. Now let’s all get a book from the selection I brought and read silently with expression for practice. Students will select a book from the assortment that was selected by the teacher. (Make sure that each book that the children are selecting from has a good amount of expression to be read) Students may find a spot around the room to practice reading their expressive book.
Assessment: As the students are
reading their books, the teacher will go to each student and ask them
to read a
few pages or paragraphs aloud, depending on the student.
The teacher will have a checklist to make
sure that students are using as much expression as possible. This will
teacher to know who grasps the concept and who does not. If the student
having difficulty the teacher can help him/her and then return to
another time to see if there is improvement.
Example check sheet: http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/fluency.html
Spiders in the Fruit Cellar by Barbara M. Joosse