You’re Happy and You Know
it... Show Us with Expression!
Reading Fluency is the
ability to read
faster, more smoothly, and more expressively.
with expression makes the text being read come alive! Studetns
should learn to read with great
expression when reading aloud or silently.
In this lesson students will learn the importance of reading with
expression; it will be demonstrated through how students change their
and can show different emotion and expression while reading.
copy of Alexander and the Terrible, No Good, Very
Bad Day by Judith Viorst. 1972. One copy per student
sentence strips that make up a paragraph (after school my
mom took us all to the denist and Dr. Fields found a cavity just in me. Come back next week and I’ll fix it, said Dr.
Fields. Next week, I said, I’m going to Australia!)
Evaluation Form/ Checklist for teacher assessment of
1. Does your
partner/ the student read smoothly?
2. Does your partner/the student
vary their tone of voice?
3. Does your partner/the student
change the tempo in the
reading when necessary?
4. Does your partner/the student
show emotion with facial
cutout masks, showing emotions (sad, happy, mad,
puzzled) for each student. Sentences
modeling each of these emotions: I fell
off my bike and cut my knee. I won the
spelling bee today. My little brother
broke my favorite toy. I cannot figure
out the answer to this problem…
copy of When Sophie Gets Angry—Really, Really
Angry… by Sophie Bang. 2004.
it means to read with expression and why it is
important. “Today, we are going to learn
how to read with expression! Has anybody
ever listened to one person read a story and they really liked it and
heard another person read it and you didn’t like it as much? Maybe it was because one person did not read
with expression and it made the story very boring.
Expression is the way your voice naturally
moves up and down when you talk. We
should always read with expression, so that the story comes alive, just
you speak with expression.
I will explain to the students that as great readers we want
to entertain our audience and we want to enjoy it too.
To get your audience interested, you should
read with expression and make the story come alive.
One way to do this is by using the voice a
character would us when speaking. Let’s
practice, repeat the sentence after me with expression.
“Today is my birthday!” Allow time
for students to say the sentence
with joy. “IT is dark, rainy day.” Allow time for students to sadly repeat the
“Now we are going to look at some sentences. I
am going to read them once with
expression. (Read the sentences: after school my mom took us all to the
dentist and Dr. Fields found a cavity just in me. Come
back next week and I’ll fix it, said Dr.
Fields. Next week, I said, I’m going to Australia! “How did that sound to you?
It was very boring to read! Was it boring to
listen to?” Now I will read the same
sentence again with expression. One
secret to reading with expression is making the pitch of your voice
high to low, depending on your emotion.
“How did the second time sound different?
4. I will model emotions by reading Sophie Gets
Angry—Really, Really Angry… by Sophie Bang.
I will use many forms of expression to display the correct way
with expression to the students. “Now
I’m going to read Sophie Gets Angry—Really, Really Angry… When I complete one page I want you to give
me a thumbs up or thumbs down if you think I used correct expression
The class will now engage in an activity. I
will hand out the cutout mask to each
student. I will read the sentences listed above and when I read the
want you to put up the “emotion mask” that matches with the sentence.
“Now I am going to read a book called Alexander and the
Terrible, No Good, Very Bad Day.
This story is about a young boy who is having a disastrous day! Not one thing is going his way.
He wishes he would have stayed in bed and
tells everyone that he is going to move to Australia.
Will Alexander ready
move or will he have a better day tomorrow.
Now, I will put students into pairs and give them a copy of the
the peer evaluation sheet. While one
student is reading, the other student will fill out the sheet on their
partner’s expression while reading. I
will go over the partners’ evaluation sheet and discuss each question,
students understand the evaluation.
Assessment: I will
use the partner evaluation. I will walk
around and observe the students as they take turns reading. I will complete the form of how well students
read with expression.
Reading with Oomph!