in Your Mind
After students learn how to
read, the most important thing to practice is comprehension. Comprehension is the ability to come away
after reading a
piece with an understanding of the main idea of the passage.
One of the best ways to practice comprehension with students is
visualization. This is when a
reader creates a mental picture of the events taking place in the story
to help him/her remember the main idea. This
lesson will teach students how to visualize while reading and how to
visualization to improve comprehension by having them read a narrative
create a picture in their minds. They
will then have to use this picture to explain the events of the story.
White board and marker
Copy of "I Bought A Pet
Tomato" by Kenn Nesbitt
Drawing paper and crayons for
Copy of How to Eat Fried
Worms by Thomas Rockwell for each student
Assessment sheets for teacher
to use (enough for one per student):
Did the student explain the main events of the chapter?
Did the student explain his/her drawing and how it relates to
by telling the students, "Last week we talked about comprehension. Remember, comprehension means understanding
something that we are reading. Sometimes
when we read we have a hard time remembering what is going on in the
story. Something that we can do to help
ourselves remember is to create movies in our minds of the events
taking place in the story. I like to call
these 'movies in our minds.' Today we're going to be creating movies in our
minds as we begin reading a new book called How to Eat Fried Worms
by Thomas Rockwell. Before we start with
the book we're going to do a practice movie in our mind while I read a
poem. Ask students to close their eyes and
listen as you read, "I Bought a Pet Tomato" by Ken Nesbitt. After you read it tell the students, "When I
read this I imagined a little tomato with a face trying to do all the
things people do! First I imagine a little
boy throwing sticks and balls at a tomato. Then
I visualize the tomato running around the yard with little legs." I want you all to tell me some of the pictures
you had in your mind when I read this." Call
on the students one by one and have them come sketch out their picture
on the board.
finishing the practice activity, hand out copies of How to Eat Fried
Worms to the students. Explain to them
that they will be given some time to read the first chapter. "While you read I want you to think about what
pictures youâre making in your mind. After
you finish the first chapter, you will draw your "movie in your mind"
on paper. You donât have to draw
everything that you picture in your mind throughout the entire chapter
but make sure that you get down the most important 'scenes.'" Before the students begin reading give a short
book talk: "This story is about a young boy named Billy.
Some other boys want to make a bet with him.
They bet him that he wouldn't be able to eat fifteen worms
in fifteen days. He thinks he can do it! Billy is allowed to prepare the worms in
anyway that he wishes before he eats them. Will
the worms taste good in any of the ways he fixes them?
Will he be able to win the bet? You'll
have to read the book to find out!"
giving the student sufficient time to read the first chapter and
complete their pictures have them share with the class one at a time. When the students get up to share, they should
be prepared to give a short synopsis of the chapter as well as explain
their drawing and how it helped them to better understand the story. While the students are doing this, the teacher
will use the assessment sheet in order to check for use of
visualization and comprehension.
"Snap a Picture!"
"I Bought a Pet Tomato." http://www.poetry4kids.com/poem-420.html
T. How to Eat Fried Worms. Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing