The Creaky Door says /e/
Emergent Literacy Lesson
By: Misti Willoughby
Rationale: Children must learn to read and spell words, but for them to have this capability they must first understand that letters stand for certain phonemes which are vocal gestures in which words are constructed. It is very important that they are able to identify phonemes because in order to read they must be familiar and comfortable with them. Learning short vowels are harder for children to learn because of the differences in the way your mouth moves. This lesson will help children identify /e/. Children will develop an understanding of how to identify /e/ in spoken and written words by learning a meaningful and memorable representation as well as a letter symbol.
* Primary paper
* "Red Gets Fed" (Educational Insights)
* poster board
poster board will say "Edgar the elephant, lives in a small cell and
has a terrible smell"
* drawing paper
* large set of flash cards that have pictures of an elephant, egg, bell, shell, pen, bed, as well as other words that do not have the /e/ sound: picture pages with words: dog, frog, box, apple, jet, pet, fed, sled.
1. Introduce the lesson by explaining that reading and writing is a secret code. The most difficult part is learning what the letters stand for, which are the mouth moves that we make as we pronounce the words. Today boys and girls we are going to learn how to pick out the /e/ mouth move. Sometimes the /e/ may be hidden in the words, but as you begin to recognize it, you will be able to spot /e/ in all kinds of words. So let's begin. Okay.
2. Ask students: Have you ever heard the creaky door sound? Let's open our creaky door. When we open it, we hear the /e/ sound? (teacher must demonstrate with hand gestures when saying open our creaky door) That is the sound we are looking for today. I will show you how to spot the /e/ in a word. Let's all say /e/ together okay by stretching it out, just like when we say /e/ in opening our door. I will say eeeeeeeeeelephant. That is how we open our door sound./e/.
3. Now, let's all look at the poster and say the sentence, Edgar the elephant lives in a small cell and has a terrible smell. Everyone let's say it together (say the sentence with class). Let's all say it again except this time let's all stretch out the /e/ sound each time you hear it. "EEEEEEEEEEEdgar the eeeeeeeeeelephant lives in a small ceeeell and has a teeeeeeerriblesmeeeeell." Wonderful. Now let's break the words up and break /e/ off each word: /E/dgar the /e/lephant lives in a c/e/ll and has a t/e/rriblesm/e/ll.
4. (Ask students to take out the primary paper and pencil). Explain to students that they can use the letter e to spell /e/. Now that we can all see /e/ in a lot of words let's practice writing it. Teacher must show specifically how to write the letter e. For lower case, get in the center of the space, below the fence and go toward the door up to touch the fence around and up. After demonstrating how to do this on the chalkboard, have the students write several rows of the letter /e/. Explain to the children that when they see the letter e all by itself that the signal to say /e/.
5. Hold up flash cards and have the students to raise their hand if the picture has a /e/ sound and put their hand down when there is no /e/ sound. Some of the pictures should have the /e/ sound and some should not. For example, when the children hear "elephant" they will raise their hand and if they see the picture of the "dog" then they don't raise their hand.
6. Read the book "Red Gets Fed" and talk about the story. Read it again, and have students clap their hands when they hear the words with /e/. The teacher is to list all of their words on the board. Then the students are to draw a picture of an elephant and write a message about it using invented spelling. The teacher will display their work in the classroom. This will help the children understand what they have already learned and know.
7. For assessment, pass out a worksheet and let the student's practice writing the letter E and finding it in words. Also, the worksheet will have pictures. Have the students to circle the pictures whose names have /e/.
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