Beth Tyler
Reading to Learn

Hmmm?..Who, What, Where, When, and Why

Rationale: Reading comprehension is an important skill for students to master so that they can understand what they are reading. When you read you decode the words and comprehend the information. There are various ways to teach comprehension to children. In this lesson I will help the student learn comprehension by using the five W's. This lesson teaches students to ask the right questions to better comprehend the text.

Materials: multiple copies of The Kissing Hand by Sean Penn, W worksheet, paper, pencils

1. Can anybody tell me what a question is? We use question to gain information about something. Today we will learn what question to ask while reading. Asking the right question will help you to better understand what you are reading about. Listening to someone read aloud is often easier to comprehend but you must know how to comprehend text for yourself when you read silently. There are five W's to remember when reading: who, what, where, when, why. These questions will help you to remember and understand what you have read.

2. Everybody has a copy of The Kissing Hand by Audrey Penn; please open your book to the first page. Please read the first two pages silently to yourself. Who all remember what they read? I am going to show you a way to help you remember what you read. When you read you should ask yourself questions about the text, to better understand it. There are five basic questions to remember when reading: who- was in the story the main characters, what- was the story about main idea, where- did the story take place, why- did something happen, when- did it happen? Just remember who, what, where, when, and why.

3. I will now read the next few pages aloud to the class. While I read to you I would like for you to ask yourself the five W's. After I finish reading we will discuss what was read. Discuss with the text with the class the text. Ask the students questions about the five W's.

4. I will ask the class to read the rest of the book by themselves. I will give each student a worksheet that has blanks for who, what, where, when, and why. Ask the students to answer the five W's after they have read.

5. For assessment I will ask the student to select a book from the classroom library, which is on their reading level. Give the students another W's worksheet. When you are finished reading fill out the worksheet and turn it in.

The Reading Genie Website:
Who, What, Where, Why, and When is He There? By Melissa Jackson

Click here to return to Opneings.