Pretty, Pretty Queen!

Emergent Literacy

Goal and Rational: The goal for this lesson is to identify and listen for the beginning sounds of words (specifically p and q).  This is very important for children to learn.  In this lesson I will work with students to recognize and understand the differences between p=/p/ and q=/kw/.  Many children confuse these letters and find them hard to learn because they look so similar to each other.  In this lesson I will provide practice for students in writing p and q and also looking for them and listening for them in text.

Materials:

- Large cards with the letters p and q written on them

- Picture cards with words starting with p -  pillow, pick, pumpkin

- Picture cards with words starting with q - queen, quail

- Book: Stella, Princess of the Sky and Stella, Queen of the  Snow

- Dry Erase Board

- Dry Erase Marker

- Primary writing paper

- pencils

- pink and purple cards for each student

Procedure:

1. Today we are going to talk about letters that look like each other, p and q (show cards as you discuss each letter).  We are going to learn to crack the code of p and q and see how they fit into language

2. Hold up the card with the letter p and ask Can anyone tell me what sound p makes?  Good, p=/p/.

3. Now everyone say /p/ with me. (Hold the card with the p on it while students say the sound)

4. Hold up the card with the letter q and ask Can anyone tell me what sound q makes?  Good, q=/kw/.

5. Now everyone say /kw/ with me. (Hold the card with the q on it while students say the sound)

6. No lets look at some pictures that have pās and qās in them.  Which pictures start with a p and which pictures start with a q?

7. Now listen carefully to what I say and answer my questions.

- Do you hear /p/ in place or face?

- Do you hear /kw/ in queen or seen?

- Do you hear /p/ in point or joint?

- Do you hear /kw/ in quest or best?

8. Great! Now lets try some tongue twisters with pās and qās to help us remember the sounds that they make.  (Write tongue twisters on the board.)

- Here is our tongue twister for p.  Every time you hear /p/ say the sound really hard.

- Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

- ćHere is our tongue twister for q.  Every time you hear /kw/ say the sound really hard.

- Be quiet, said the queen quickly, or I'll quarrel with your question!

9. Now letās practice writing p and q. Watch first as I write the letters on the board and I show you how to write them.

- To write a lower case p start at the fence go straight down into the ditch, come up and put his chin on the sidewalk.

- To write a lower case q start with an a, come down, and give the queen some curly hair.

10.  Now I want you to practice each letter 5 times.  When you finish you should have 5 little p's and 5 little q's.  I will walk around and check on how you are doing.  If you need help, raise your hand and I will come to you.

11. Yāall are doing an amazing job practicing and learning the difference between p's and q's.  Now I want us to sit in our reading circle area and read Stella, Princess of the Sky and Stella, Queen of the Snow
Book talk:  Stella loves playing.  All the time she imagines and make-believes.  Letās look and read to see where Stella's adventures take her today.

12. In each of these books we will hear words that start with p's and q's.  As I read the book I want you to listen closely.  Each time I say a word that starts with a p, raise the pink card.  Each time I say a word that starts with a q, raise the purple card.  Letās try it and see how it works. Then read the title and let the children practice holding up cards.

Assessment:  The students will be evaluated and/or assessed based on their participation in the card activity.  They will also be evaluated based on their letter writing practice from earlier in the lesson.  Assessment with the card activity will be based on the childrenās responses during the reading time (how many are correct and how many are incorrect).

Checklist for assessment

_____ Accuracy in distinguishing p and q in spoken words using cards
_____ Accuracy and neatness of letter writing practice
_____ Correct execution of directions during activities and practice

Reference:

Lewis, Naormi (Fall 2006). Reading Genie. Retrieved February 26, 2007, from Dancing and Bouncing with Piglet Web site: http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/invent/lewisel.html

Gay, Marie-Louise (2004). Stella, Princess of the Sky. Australia: Allen and Unwin.

Gay, Marie-Louise (2004). Stella, Queen of the Snow. Australia: Allen and Unwin.