children have learned to read fluently, they must then learn to
gain knowledge from the material that they read. One way to help in
comprehending information from text is summarization. Summarization
taught through rules. Teaching children how to
summarize includes instruction on how to delete trivial details and
redundancies, place items and events in order, and create a statement
contains the message the writer is trying to convey. By providing
instruction on how to construct summaries, they will be ready to know
better interpret the meaning of the texts they read.
- Copies of Poison Snakes
Swarm Florida Island (1 for each child and 1 for the teacher)
- Butcher paper
- Explain to the students that they will
be reviewing silent reading. “Does anyone remember what silent reading
is? Silent reading is when we read to ourselves but not out loud. We
read the words in our head. Why do we silent read? We do this to
understand what we are reading. There are also more ways to understand
what we are reading. One way to do this is to summarize. Does anyone
know what summarizing means? When we summarize, we retell something but
only retelling the most important facts and the main idea. When you are
summarizing a story, your version should be much shorter than the one
you read, because you are only trying to retell the most important
information. Why do you think summarization might be important?
Summarization helps us to understand what we are reading. Today, I’m
going to teach you some tips on how to summarize.”
- “There are five steps to summarizing.”
Have these steps written on the board so that everyone can see them.
we summarize, we use five steps. These five steps help us
summarize more easily. These five steps are written for you here on the
board. Number One, pick out the important details. Number Two,
pick out the details that are repeated or are not important and get rid
of them. Number Three, use easy keywords to highlight important
details. Number Four, list those keywords in order as they
appeared in the passage. Number Five, trim the list of keywords
to make one topic sentence.”
- “Now we are going to test our
summarization skills.” Pass out the article Poison Snakes
Swarm Florida Island to each student. Give a quick “book talk” to
get the students interested. “There are many snakes swarming an island
They are very poisonous snakes. I wonder what they are doing and if
they are causing trouble with people or other animals? We’ll need to
read to find out.” Tell the students to read the article silently to
themselves and to pay close attention to the important details of the
article. After the students have read the article silently, tell them
that you will be modeling for them how to summarize the article using
the five steps.
- Read the first paragraph and summarize
it. “Notice that I only used the important information from the
article. I didn’t need the trivial facts. Next, I will write down
keywords from the story in order on the board. Then I will make the
list of key words smaller and turn it into one topic sentence." Then, I
will read the topic sentence aloud to the children.
- The students will then be given
highlighters and instructed to reread the rest of the article. They
will be asked to highlight the most important information in the rest
of the article.
- I will then model for them how to
create a web. I will use a piece of butcher paper. “Let’s talk about
what we just read. We are going to organize our information in a web.
Webs are very helpful when we are trying to get our thoughts together
before we write something, in this case, our summary.” Explain that the
main topic should go in the middle. Then we should draw lines from the
main idea to put our supporting information out next to it. Explain
that the students should be able to create a paragraph from this
information in their web.
- Split the students into groups of 3
and have them work on summarizing the article we have just read. “Now I
want each group to look at article and summarize it. You do not
have to use everything you highlighted, and you may add things that you
did not highlight if you feel they are important for the summary.
Remember to use the checklist to make sure you have used all five
steps for summarizing. If you have any questions, raise your hand
and I will be around to help you."
The teacher will
collect all of the summaries and review
what each student had written. The students will be assessed on their
to follow the five steps in summarizing the article, and working in
prepare their summaries. They will also be assessed on their ability to
Clabby, Caitlin. Tell
Me All About It.
Bruce. The Reading
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