READY, SET, READ!!!
Independence & Fluency
Rationale: To become a successful reader one must read fluently, accurately, with expression, and consistently. This goal of this lesson is to help students with their fluency while reading by working on their reading speed. Fluent readers can better comprehend the text they are reading because they no longer have to concentrate on decoding each individual word and are able to read at a faster and smoother pace. Fluency makes reading more enjoyable for the reader and the reader is then more likely to become a life long reader. Students’ reading fluency will increase through this lesson by charting one-minute reads.
Materials: Timer/stopwatch (1 per student)
Speed reading charts (one for each student):
As I listened to my partner read, he/she:
1. Remembered more words _______ _______
2. Read faster _______ _______
3. Read smoother _______ _______
4. Read with expression _______ _______
Class set of the
decodable book, Tin Man Fix It
Introduce the lesson by explaining
to students what
it means to be a fluent reader and why it is an important part of
read. “Today we are going to talk about
fluency. Fluency is a reader's ability to
read words quickly, smoothly, and with emotions.
Fluent readers rarely have to take pauses while reading because it
becomes automatic for them. Whenever a
fluent reader is reading it sounds like they are having a normal
with someone. So, let’s talk about why
it is important for readers to be fluent.
Becoming a fluent reader makes reading more enjoyable and you are able
to concentrate more on the meaning and storyline of the whole text
individual words. So lets get started!”
out books to students.
3) “I bet all of us in the classroom have read a book before that was really good and very interesting but just weren’t able to read it fast enough to finish quickly. Well, today we are going to work on that and practice ways to become fluent readers." "It is helpful to go back and re-read words until you are able to make it flow together as if it is normal talk. This tool is called cross checking. We have discussed cross checking in the past. It is the same thing we do whenever we come across unfamiliar words. Well, cross checking can also be used to help with fluency because the more times you read something the more automatic it comes. This then allows the reader to read with more expression because they are not having to concentrate on individual words."
4) Model for students. “The first time you pick up a book there is usually a number of words that are unfamiliar." Read the first page of the book. (1-2 sentences). "For me, the first time I read through a new book it is difficult to understand it all because I have to read slow and figure out the unknown words." Read the sentences again non fluently, slow, take pauses, and struggle on some words. "I a-m go-i-n-g going to r-i-de my b-i-c-c-y-c-c-l-le bic-cy-c-cle bicycle a-f-t-er s-ch-ool t-o-day." "Did everyone notice how hard it was for me to read some of the unfamilar words the first time through? It was not very smooth and it was hard for me to enjoy reading it. So, I then read the sentences again for a second time." "I am go-ing to r-ide my bi-cy-cle a-fter sch-ool today." "That time I was able to read a little bit faster because the unfamiliar words are becoming more familiar and I did not have to slow down to figure them out as much. Though it was easier, it still was not smooth. So I will reread it again." "I am going to ride my bicycle after school today." "That time it was smoothe but it did not have any emotion in it." Reread it again with emotion. "I learned that the more times I read it the easier it got and I eventually could read the book straight through quickly, smoothly, and with emotions. I really started to enjoy reading because it wasn’t as difficult. Now you are all going to try reading the books you chose several times today so that you get better and better each time you read it."
5) “Everyone now take this time to
read the book, Tin Man Fix It."
Booktalk: "This book is about a young boy who has a friend, Tin
Man. One day that were outside planting a garden. As they
were planting the garden, a young boy quickly skates by on a
skateboard. He crashes into Tin Man. Tin Man breaks into
lots of pieces! You will have to read the book to find out if Tin
Man is able to be put back together."
Read until I tell you to
stop. If you finish reading your book
before I tell you to stop, then start reading it again from the
beginning. (Give the students ten minutes to read
When ten minutes is up stop the
students and then
place them in pairs.
7) Instruct students on what to do. “I want you to work together this time. I want one of you to read while the other times you as you read using the timer. Then switch roles. Each of you should read your book three times all the way through and make sure you record the time for all of the reads on the handout."
8) After each student has read to a partner instruct them, “Now I want everyone to evaluate thier partners to see if they are improving on their fluency each time they read it.”
9) “Everyone is doing a great job! You will all be fluent readers in no time! But this takes lots of practice so I really want everyone to try hard and stick with it. You can take your books home and read them to your family so you can get even more practice in. The more you read the book over and over the faster and smoother you will become at reading it. Continue to practice and we will continue to chart our improvements.”
10) In later lessons students will be given one-minute to read a book through over and over again to chart how many words per minute they are reading. Take the opportunity to listen to each student individually to assess their improvement. Also assess them to be sure that there are not other skills they need to improve on first in order to succeed as a fluent reader. Use the information gathered from the assessments to plan future lessons.
(Read and Reread by Seth Clark)
(Racy Readers by Jessi Hodge)
http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/invent/moncriefgf.html (Faster and Faster by Jane Moncrief)