Rationale: By the time children reach the 4th grade, they enter a type of “4th grade crisis”. This explains that children are thrown into expository texts which are tough for them to comprehend and gain the main ideas. Also, this new type of text is dense and introduces new ideas and concepts to the children. Children need to learn explicit comprehension strategies to help them transition into this new type of text. Although there are three things to consider while teaching summarization, this lesson will focus on teaching students to delete trivia in passage of expository text. By learning how to delete trivia and hang on to important details in a text, students will become better readers for comprehension. (Pressley).
Materials: 1. An article from www.timeforkids.com. The teacher will print off articles regarding national news, space news, science news, and world news for most students. Example articles are: "What on Earth is Earth Day" April 21, 2006 and "Chinese President Visits Washington" April 20, 2006.
2. A transparency of of “Jeans” (see references)
4. Paper and Pencils
Procedure: The teacher will begin the lesson by asking if anyone knows what summarization means. After the students give their answers, the teacher will provide what summarization is. Summarization is the process of cutting out unnecessary information in what we read and picking out the important facts that we need in order to understand the story. The teacher will explain that summarization is used in every type of story, whether it is real or make believe.
“Do you like to wear
jeans? Do you know who made them
first? Once a man went to
The teacher will read
the entire passage first. Then
the teacher will read the sentences one by one, modeling for the
the sentence is important in the overall message of the story.
example, the teacher will say, “In the sentence, ‘People say he did not
References: *Time for kids: www.timeforkids.com
* “Jeans.” Week by Week Homework for Building Reading Comprehension and Fluency: Grade 1. Rose, Mary. 2002. Scholastic Teaching Resources. Pg86.
* Fullilove, Casey: http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/invent/fulliloverl.html
Return to Odysseys