‰¥þAaaaa! I‰¥úm at the Doctor‰¥ÿ

Whitney Wingo


This lesson focuses on the process of beginning to read. When students begin to read words they need to focus on letter sounds, such as phoneme awareness. Phoneme awareness of a letter can be presented to a student easily through pictures, hand gestures, tongue twisters, and sounding it out with your mouth. When beginning to read, it is also good to start off with teaching students the vowels first. Teach the vowels in order first, and move on to the next one as they begin to grasp the concept of phoneme awareness in spoken words. The goal of this lesson is for the students to recognize phoneme a=/a/ in written and spoken words.



Primary Paper
Book- Pat䴜s Jam
Letterboxes- for words consisting of three phonemes (3 boxes)
      -words: mat, hat, bat, sat, cat
Letter Tiles- a, t, m, h, b, s, c
Picture of an ‰¥þa‰¥ÿ
Picture of patient in the doctor䴜s chair (Illustration found on reading genie website.)
Tongue Twister on chart paper- ‰¥þAubie signs autographs in Auburn almost everyday.‰¥ÿ
Assessment Worksheet




1. ‰¥þStudents, we are going to talk about the short vowel a=/a/. The vowel a=/a/ looks like this.‰¥ÿ (Show a picture of ‰¥þa‰¥ÿ) ‰¥þThe vowel a=/a/ makes the aaa sound. Like when you are at the doctor and he wants you to stick out your tongue and say, ‰¥þaaa‰¥ÿ so he can see your throat.‰¥ÿ (Show picture of a patient in the doctors chair saying, aaa) ‰¥þCan everyone make that sound? Lets hear it!‰¥ÿ Students can stick out their tongues while they do this too, so they can pretend like they are at the doctor getting their throats checked.
2. Now let‰¥ús try a tongue twister (on chart). ‰¥þAubie signs autographs in Auburn almost everyday.‰¥ÿ Everybody say it three times together. Now, let‰¥ús say it again but this time, stretch the /a/ at the beginning of the words. ‰¥þAaaubie signs aaautographs in Aaaburn aaalmost everyday.‰¥ÿ Try it again, and
this time break it     off the word: ‰¥þ/a/ ubie signs /a/ utographs in /a/ uburn /a/ lmost everyday.‰¥ÿ  Students can think of the picture and gesture at
 the doctor when they make the    a=/a/ sound.
3. Now a letter box lesson will be taught using words that consist of only three phonemes. Words to be taught in this lesson: mat, hat, bat, sat, cat. Letter to be used: a, t, m, h, b, s, c. Tell students, ‰¥þI want to spell the word fat. So to do that I want to start out by sounding out all of the phonemes in the word. I hear fff at the beginning of fffat. So I will find the letter ‰¥þf‰¥ÿ because ‰¥þf‰¥ÿ makes the fff sound. The next phoneme in fat is faaat. I hear the aaa sound. What letter makes the aaa sound? Right! The vowel a=/a/. So we can put the vowel a=/a/ in the second box. So now we have /f/ /a/‰¥Ï. At the end of fat, what phoneme do you hear? /t/ Yes! So let‰¥ús find the letter ‰¥þt‰¥ÿ for the end of the word.‰¥ÿ The letters in the phoneme boxes are f-a-t. As the teacher, I am modeling this first word so the students will understand the concept of how our letterbox lesson is going to work. After this, the students will sound out the phonemes and use letterboxes for spelling out mat, hat, sat, and cat.
4. A booktalk will now be given on the book Pat‰¥ús Jam. Pat is a rat. Pat has a van. Pat is a rat. Pam is a pal of Pat. Pat has a ham. What do you think Pat is going to do? The students will read the story, and try to recognize the, a=/a/ phonemes throughout the book. 
5. The student will be asked to write a message on primary paper about their favorite food. If they need to write more they can write about how they might cook their favorite food!
6. Assessment:  The student will be given a page with real words and pseudo words. They will read these words out loud, and when they hear
 the phoneme ‰¥þaaa‰¥ÿ  in any of the words they will circle it.



Cushman, Sheila. Pat䴜s Jam. Carson, CA. Educational Insights. 1990. 8 pages.
Tuning Into the Sounds in Words
Phoneme Pictures for Short Vowels
Livingston, Laura Ann. Kindergarten. Auburn Early Education Center. Auburn, AL 2006.

Return to Navigations index