‰¥þAaaaa! I‰¥úm at the
This lesson focuses on the process of beginning to read.
When students begin to read words they need to focus on letter sounds,
phoneme awareness. Phoneme awareness of a letter can be presented to a
easily through pictures, hand gestures, tongue twisters, and sounding
with your mouth. When beginning to read, it is also good to start off
teaching students the vowels first. Teach the vowels in order first,
on to the next one as they begin to grasp the concept of phoneme
spoken words. The goal of this lesson is for the students to recognize
a=/a/ in written and spoken words.
Book- Pat‰¥ús Jam
Letterboxes- for words consisting of three phonemes (3
hat, bat, sat, cat
Letter Tiles- a, t, m, h, b, s, c
Picture of an ‰¥þa‰¥ÿ
Picture of patient in the doctor‰¥ús chair (Illustration
on reading genie website.)
Tongue Twister on chart paper- ‰¥þAubie signs autographs in Auburn almost
1. ‰¥þStudents, we are going to talk
about the short vowel a=/a/. The vowel a=/a/ looks like
this.‰¥ÿ (Show a
of ‰¥þa‰¥ÿ) ‰¥þThe vowel a=/a/ makes the aaa
sound. Like when you are at the doctor and he wants you to stick out
tongue and say, ‰¥þaaa‰¥ÿ so he can
your throat.‰¥ÿ (Show picture of a patient in the doctors
chair saying, aaa) ‰¥þCan everyone make that
hear it!‰¥ÿ Students can stick out their tongues while they do
can pretend like they are at the doctor getting their throats checked.
2. Now let‰¥ús try a tongue twister (on chart).
autographs in Auburn almost everyday.‰¥ÿ Everybody say it
Now, let‰¥ús say it again but this time, stretch the /a/ at
words. ‰¥þAaaubie signs aaautographs in Aaaburn aaalmost
this time break it off the word:
signs /a/ utographs in /a/ uburn
/a/ lmost everyday.‰¥ÿ Students
of the picture and gesture at
the doctor when they make the a=/a/ sound.
3. Now a letter box lesson will be
taught using words that consist of only three phonemes. Words to be
this lesson: mat, hat, bat, sat, cat. Letter to be used: a, t, m, h, b,
s, c. Tell
students, ‰¥þI want to spell the word fat.
So to do that I want to start out by sounding out all of the phonemes
word. I hear fff at the beginning of fffat.
So I will find the letter ‰¥þf‰¥ÿ because
‰¥þf‰¥ÿ makes the fff sound. The
phoneme in fat is faaat. I hear the aaa sound. What letter makes the aaa
sound? Right! The vowel a=/a/. So we can put the vowel a=/a/ in
the second box. So now we have /f/ /a/‰¥Ï. At
the end of fat, what phoneme do you
hear? /t/ Yes! So let‰¥ús find the
letter ‰¥þt‰¥ÿ for the end of the word.‰¥ÿ
The letters in the phoneme boxes
f-a-t. As the teacher, I am modeling this first word so the students
understand the concept of how our letterbox lesson is going to work.
this, the students will sound out the phonemes and use letterboxes for
out mat, hat, sat, and cat.
4. A booktalk will now be given on the
book Pat‰¥ús Jam. Pat is a
rat. Pat has a
van. Pat is a rat. Pam is a pal of Pat. Pat has
a ham. What do you think Pat is going to do? The students will
story, and try to recognize the, a=/a/ phonemes throughout the book.
5. The student will be asked to write
a message on primary paper about their favorite food. If they need to
more they can write about how they might cook their favorite food!
The student will be given a page with real words and pseudo
will read these words out loud, and when they hear
the phoneme ‰¥þaaa‰¥ÿ in
any of the words they will circle it.
Cushman, Sheila. Pat‰¥ús Jam. Carson,
Insights. 1990. 8 pages.
Tuning Into the Sounds in Words
Phoneme Pictures for Short Vowels
Livingston, Laura Ann.
Kindergarten. Auburn Early Education Center.