A Dozen Delicious Doughnuts

Kayla Vernon

Emergent Literacy Lesson Design



It is important that students are able to recognize and identify the letters of the alphabet.  Students should also be able to recognize individual phonemes and associate them with their corresponding letter.

        In this lesson, students will learn all about the letter d.  Students will learn to recognize letter d through a fun tongue twister and by seeing and practicing writing the letter d.  By looking through old magazines, students will have to identify objects to see if the object says "duh".  Through this, students will recognize the letter d and what sound it makes.  Students will also learn the correct way to write an uppercase D and the correct way to write a lowercase d.



Primary paper


Poster with "Dd" on it

Old magazines

Construction paper



Sentence strip with tongue twister written out- "Danny sells dozens of delicious doughnuts at the diner daily."

Dry erase board for teacher

Dry erase markers for teacher

Book, Detective Dog and the Disappearing Doughnuts



1. First, introduce the letter d.  Hold up the poster with the letter d on it, ask, "Who can tell me what letter this?" "That's right, it's the letter d."  You can say, "Today we will learn all about the letter d, the letter d says "duh", D= /d/." Now say "duh" with me. "Duh"  "Think about what your mouth does when you say "duh," do you feel how your tongue lightly touches the top of your mouth and then it goes back down?"  Watch me (model) as I say "duh."  Now you try it with me, "Duh."

2. Raise your hand and tell me, do you hear "duh" in door or floor? What about in dish or wish?  Read or write? 

3. Now put the sentence strip with the tongue twister on the board for the class to see.  Slide your pointer under each word as you read the sentence aloud to the class.  "I'm going to read aloud a funny sentence.  First, just listen to me read it to you."  "Danny sells dozens of delicious doughnuts at the diner daily."  "Now I will read it again and this time you will repeat the sentence after me, listen first."  "Danny sells dozens of delicious doughnuts at the diner daily."  Class repeats it.  "Great!"  "Now let's break it up and stretch out those d's."  "DDDanny sells ddddozens of ddddelicious ddddoughnuts at the dddiner dddaily."  "Good job, class!"

4. Next, teach the class how to write the big D and little d.  Give each student a piece of primary paper.  Model writing the letter on the dry erase board.  "Watch me write a big D, I start at the roof, go straight down, pick up, and go around."  "Now use your pencil and paper and practice writing big D's.  Walk around to observe and help.  "Okay, now stop and look back up at me."  Model writing little d on the board.  "To write the little d, I first write a little c, then little d."  "Now you try some."  Walk around again to observe and help.

5. The students will next use old magazines to cut out pictures of things that start with the letter d.  Examples may be: dog, doll, dish, desk, dinner.  Give each table a couple of old magazines to look through.  Give each student a piece of construction paper.  Students will look through the magazines and use scissors to cut out at least 1 picture that start with the letter d.  They will then glue their clippings onto their construction paper.

6. "We will now read the book, Detective Dog and the Disappearing Doughnuts."  "In this book, dozens of doughnuts have been disappearing from Dave's Diner.  Let's read to find out if Detective Dog can figure out where the doughnuts are going."  "I want you to say "duh" if you hear me read a word that you hear "duh" in.

7. Students will be assessed on their writing of the letter and also on their magazine clippings.  You will be able to know if the students understand that d says "duh" if they are able to cut out a picture that starts with the letter d and sounds like "duh."  Also, call the students up individually and ask them to identify which word says "duh."  For example, "Do you hear "duh" in deer or rabbit?  Dog or frog?



Garfield, Valerie & Paul Harvey. Detective Dog and the Disappearing Doughnuts.  Broadway, New York,  Scholastic Inc., 2001.


Adams, Whitney. "Duh! It's D!"  http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/discov/adamsel.html


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