The Sum of It All
By Michaela King
Children go through so many steps in order to become smooth, fluent readers. However, they must gain the ultimate ability of summarizing if they are truly able to comprehend what they read. This lesson is designed to help children learn to summarize, and actually comprehend what they read by practicing those skills using a bookmark with proper steps, an article to read, and a practice activity.
-Bookmark with summarizing tips
Pick out important facts.
Remove information that is not very useful, or that does not back up topic sentences.
Pick out repeated ideas and delete them.
Pick out a topic sentence.
-Copy of article for each child, Honey Bee Mystery http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Honey-bee-mystery
-Highlighter for each child
1.���Hello class! Today, we will be talking about comprehension and summarization. Can anyone tell me what they think it means to comprehend and to summarize?��� Discuss comprehension and summarizing so that children really understand what it means. ���Comprehension is the process of constructing meaning from text, and summarizing involves picking out significant points and putting it together to get an overall review of a reading.���
2.Distribute the bookmark to all students and go over each step. ���After reading this bookmark, tell me some ways we can practice using these steps when reading���Using highlighters can help us remember what sentences are important.��� Discuss other ways.
3.Distribute article, Honey Bee Mystery, to each child. Article Talk: ���This article tells us more about bees and how they help us. According to the article, bees do more than just make honey. But, you���ll have to read to find out just how important bees are to us! I want everyone to read this article silently to yourselves and use your bookmarks to help you with the steps you need to summarize this article. When everyone is finished reading, lay your pencils down so that I will know that you are done.��� Allow students to read article and walk around as they read. Encourage them to use their highlighters and try to remember important parts of the article.
4.While the students read, ask a few of them to tell the class a sentence they have highlighted. Write their sentences on the board. ���See how I am writing these important sentences on the board; this is an example of summarizing. Putting these sentences together helps us get an overall idea of what the article is about.���
5.After the students finish, take up the article and have them write down significant things they remember from the article. ���This is not a test or anything guys, I just want to see how much you remember from the article and if your bookmark helped you. I want everyone to write at least 3 sentences about the article that are important and I will take them up when you are done. Have fun with this, if you would like to write more than 3 sentences you can certainly do so!���
Through asking the children to write down sentences after I have taken up the article, I will be able to verify if they comprehended what they read and are able to write sentences that give a brief, informative idea of what the article is about. Once I have taken up everyone���s paper, we would then discuss the article as a class and I would explain that discussing is another way to summarize. I will also have students come up to the desk individually and read a short passage. After reading the passage, I will ask them a specific question to see if they comprehended what they read.
-National Geographic Article. Honey Bee Mystery http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Honey-bee-mystery
-The Reading Genie Website. Get to the Point by Katie Guyton http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/guytonrl.html
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