Sum It Up
Reading to learn-Lesson design
By: Alex Howard
Rationale: For students to become a skillful effective reader they must gain the skills to comprehend what they read. For a beginning reader they must first practice summarization skills to be able to comprehend main ideas in their readings, because through summarization you will learn to better comprehend what you read. The teacher should review comprehension to build background knowledge for students who need extra help. The following lesson was designed to help students be able to summarize passages by picking out important information, deleting redundant information, and identify the main idea and organize your points into a summary.
*Class set of Twister, and Space Quest - National Geographic Articles for Kids
*Class set of highlighters, pencils, and paper
*Teacher will need a projector and translation paper with an article on it so he/she can demonstrate how to summarize. Teacher also needs dry erase markers for translation.
*Poster pointing out the 3 important summarizing steps: 1. Pick out and highlight important details 2. Mark out the unimportant details 3. Identify main ideas and summarize the important parts.
Checklist for summarizing:
YES or NO
Did the student
Highlight important information
Mark out the repeated and unneeded information
Summarized to form a few sentences that had a main idea
Procedures: 1. Say: “Today we are going to learn a new way that is going to make us more effective readers. We are going to be learning about summarization. Can someone raise their hand and tell me what that means? Good job, that’s right. It is when you shorten the main ideas from the text into a smaller version.”
2. Say: “Now we are going to go over the steps of summarization. (List all three steps, then teacher should pass out a highlighter, pencil, and article to every student. Then, the teacher will use the article on the projector to model for students how these steps are followed through.) First, pick out important detail in the text; you can do this by highlighting.(Teacher will model how to highlight and pick out important details.) Second, find the detail that is repeated and you can cross it out with a pencil.(Teacher should model how to cross out and find useless information.) Third, organize your important facts that you have left over from your reading. (Teacher should model how to organize your facts into a summary form on the projector.) Now we are going to work on doing this one more time together.”
3. Say: “You read the second
paragraph silently and try to mark out unimportant information and highlight the
important information.” (When students are done, teacher reads, 2nd
paragraph) “Normally, Wurman does the chasing. He's a
meteorologist. He studies severe weather. That's why he was out on this stormy
4. Keep summarizing more
paragraphs by following step 3 until the class fully understand the concept of
summarizing and can do it on their own.
Once you think they can do it effectively and have completed the first
article, let them try an article by themselves. On this article they should
summarize the whole text. Make sure
they are using their summarizing rules to highlight and cross out while reading.
The article is called Space Quest
(National Geographic) This boy had been waiting for this moment for years, he
was lying inside the space shuttle
5. I will be reviewing the article with the class and asking comprehension questions to see if they have read and understood. 1. “What happened to the space shuttle? 2. Does sunset happen much faster in space? 3. What do star colors tell you?”
6. Assessment: You should read the students summaries on the Space Quest article for accuracy. You should use the checklist to see where student’s progress is with their understanding of summarization. Also the teacher will evaluate the comprehension of the article by the questions.
*Crenshaw, Beth. Sum it up, Sum it up, keep those main ideas up.
*Smalley, Alli. Summarizing Summary!
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