Rationale: Comprehension is very important in reading. Students work hard at reading, but they must also comprehend what they are reading. They can do this by summarizing the passages they have read. They need to learn to remember the important points of the text that they are reading. One method of comprehension is for students to summarize a passage into one topic sentence. This lesson will help children learn how to summarize by learning how to pick out important information from the text by using the summarization techniques.
Materials: - Highlighter for each student
-Marker -Copy of Green Invaders story for each student
-Board -Successful Summary worksheets for each student
-Display with summarization rules on it, and bookmarks with summarization rules: (1. Get rid of unimportant information 2. Get rid of repeated information
3. Organize items and events under one umbrella term. 4. Select a topic.
5. Write a topic statement that covers everything that is important from the passage of the text.)
1. Teacher will say: “Can anyone tell me what a summary is? (Pause for answers) Picking out the main points in a story or passage makes a summary. Let’s try to do this together. I am going to tell you a short story, and I want you to listen for the important items within the story. “I once had a puppy named Prissy. She was a very cute puppy, and went with me everywhere! She is not a puppy anymore, but she is still small. One day, Prissy went to the dog park and got lost. I could not find her anywhere! I was sad, until I saw her run out of the bushes. I am glad I did not lose Prissy at the park.” Now, what do you think the MOST important information is in that story? (That Prissy was lost, but eventually the owner found her when she came out of the bushes.) That’s right! All that other information about Prissy being a puppy is not really that important for you to know, so we can get rid of that unimportant information. There is no repeated information to get rid of in this story. We were able to organize the events from Prissy being a puppy until when she was lost and found. We can see the topic is about Prissy getting lost and then being found. The summary statement we gave is our topic statement because it covers everything important in the passage. We went through these steps on the board together to summarize. (Written on board and bookmarks): 1. Get rid of unimportant information 2. Get rid of repeated information 3. Organize items and events under one umbrella term. 4. Select a topic. 5. Write a topic statement that covers everything that is important from the passage of the text.
2. Teacher says, “Now, we are going to read to ourselves about these things called “green invaders.” They are coming from other places and messing up the lives of plants and animals. Scientists need to get rid of them! We have to read to find out what these “green invaders” are and how to get them to leave!”
3. (Pass out story and worksheets.) Say, “On these worksheets, it has three columns to fill out. It says Deleted Information, Main Ideas, and Summary Sentence. You will need to use your summarization tools to fill these out using the Green Invaders story. Any information that you do not think you need to know will go in the Deleted Information section. Any important information that you see will go under the Main Ideas section. Under Summary Sentence, I want you to try to summarize the entire story into one sentence. I will pass out highlighters so that you can highlight any information that you think is important.
Assessment: Assess the student’s ability to summarize by looking over their completed Successful Summary worksheet. If a student is struggling, the teacher can ask oral questions about the story to see if the student understands the activity.
Fox, Katherine. Green Invaders. National Geographic Kids. http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/spacescience/invasive-plants/
Langley, Heather. Steps to Summarizing Success. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/voyages/langleyrl.html