Speeding on The Sea Foam for Fluency


Lesson Design for Fluency

Andrew Brown


Reading fluently, with expression, and accurately are key points to becoming a good reader.  When a reader is fluent, they are able to understand the text better and to enjoy the reading experience.  It is the goal of this lesson to help the students with their fluency.  When the reader doesn't have to decode every word, the message of the text becomes clearer to them because the word recognition becomes effortless.  The students' reading fluency will be tracked in this lesson by using words x 60 / seconds to keep the text intact.


Timer (each group of students has one)

Partner Repeated Reading Checklist


Set of The Sea Foam books for the class


1. Start the lesson by explaining to the students what fluency is and why it is important to reading.  "Today class, our goal for reading is going to be fluency.  Fluency is the ability to read words quickly, smoothly, and with expression.  Fluency is a sign of automaticity, which means that the words just jump off the page at you and you don't have to figure them out by breaking the word down.  When you read fluently, it should sound almost like you are talking with another person rather than reading.  Fluency is important because it will make reading more fun for you and your partner because you will be able to understand the meaning of the story better and it will sound more pleasing."

Pass out the books The Sea Foam

2. "When you are working on your fluency, it is very important to go back and re-read words until you make the sentence flow together like a sentence you would normally say to a friend in conversation.  Doing this is a strategy called cross checking.  As you already know, we use cross checking whenever we come across an unfamiliar word.  We can also use cross checking to work on our fluency because the more times we read a word, the easier it is for us to read because it becomes automatic.  When the words are automatic, you free up your brain so you get the message easier and you can read with expression just like when you have a conversation."

3.  Use modeling to help students understand the concepts.  "Sometimes when you read a book, you will come across new words.  Have you ever noticed that you read slower when this happens?  I'll show you how to help fix this."  Read a selection of the book. (a sentence or two).  Make sure to read the sentences in as a child would, slow and struggling without much intonation.  "A  d-a-y  l-i-k lick  oh like t-h-i-s  i-s  f-in  fin  fine  o-n  t-h-e s-e-e-a.  Class, did you all see how hard it was for me to read those unfamiliar words on the first try?  It was hard for me to read and it didn't sound very smooth did it?  Since it was so hard the first time, I am going to try reading it again. "A day l-i-ke th-is is f-ine on the sea."  Wow.  That time I was able to read it faster because I started to recognize the unfamiliar words.  I am going to read it to try to read without any pauses this time. "A day like this is fine on the sea."  That time I read it smoothly, but I still didn't use much expression.  Let me try it one more time and use expression.  Reread with expression.  "The more times I read the sentence, the better I got at reading it. This is how we build fluency. 

4. Now class, it is time to read the book The Sea Foam.  It is about some friends that go sailing with their pop.  While they are out on the sea, a fog rolls in and they can't see a thing!  Will they make it home safely?  You'll have to read to find out. 

5.  Read until I say to stop.  If you finish the book, just start over and read it again.  Let the students read for 10 minutes. 

6. Pair the students up.

7.  "This time I want you to work in pairs.  One of you should read while the other times you with the timers.  Each of you should read through the book three times.  Record the times for each reading on the paper I give you."

8.  "When your partner is reading, I want you to check and see if they are improving in their fluency with each read. Use the evaluation sheet I gave you to check off the boxes where you feel that your partner is really doing well."

9.   "Great job class! You all are becoming fluent readers.  Feel free to practice this at home too and before you know it, you will be able to read anything.





http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/realizations/frasiergf.htm  (Growing Independence and Fluency by Mallie Frasier)

The Sea Foam (2002) leveled reader by Matt Sims.  High Noon Books, Novato CA

The Reading Genie: The Reading Genie: Developing Reading Fluency http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/fluency.html

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