Summarizing with Eeyore
By: Naomi Lewis
Summarization is an important part of learning to read and comprehending what you read. It is important that students learn how to identify the main idea and points in an article or story so that they will know what materials might be on a test and so they don’t have to try to remember everything in the article. In this lesson, the teacher will demonstrate some summarizing skills and then the students will be given the opportunity to summarize an article on their own.
- A copy of “The History of Pooh” for each student
- A copy of “A.A. Milne” for each student
- A main idea worksheet/graphic organizer for each student
- Pocket Chart Displayed on the board with the following categories: Title, Main Idea, Details, and Conclusion
- Sentence strips (pre-filled out with the information needed to complete the pocket chart)
- Notebook paper and pencils for each student
- “Today we are going to learn a new skill to use when we read. It is called summarizing. Does anyone know what it means to summarize?” Call on a few students to answer. “That’s right, summarizing is when we read a book or article and look for the main ideas or the most important information. That is what we are going to be doing today.”
- “When we read our article in a minute I want everyone to read silently to themselves. Does everyone remember when we practiced reading silently? How did we do it?” Call on someone to answer. “That’s right, we read with our eyes but not out loud.”
- “Now I am going to pass out an article about “The History of Pooh” and a worksheet that has a space for the title, the main idea, the details, and the conclusion. I want everyone to read the article silently and then we will divide into groups of two and fill out the worksheet. When you are looking for good details it may help to remember the five questions we can ask: Who, What, Where, When, and Why.”
- “We are going to talk about our answers as a class now so everyone return to your seat. Who can tell me what the title of our article is? Right, The History of Pooh.” Place title in pocket chart “The main idea of the article is: How the Winnie the Pooh stories were written. The details I find in the story are:
Winnie was originally a black bear who lived in the London Zoo.
A.A. Milne’s son Christopher Robin loved the bear at the zoo so much that he named his teddy bear Winnie the Pooh.
Milne started to write books about his son and his stuffed animals: Winnie the Pooh, Eeyore, Tigger, Rabbit, Piglet, Kanga, and Roo.
Milne and his family lived on a farm and this is what the 100-acre woods is based on.
The Pooh-books were very popular with Walt Disney’s daughters and he was inspired to bring Pooh to life.
-Great job! Now all we need is a conclusion. The conclusion summarizes everything into one clear sentence. I will write this one for you so you can see: Winnie the Pooh is a series of stories based on a real bear cub, stuffed animals, and a farm which are now world famous books and movies.
-Now I am going to hand out one more article. This one is about A.A. Milne, the author of Winnie the Pooh. I want you to take it home, read it, and write a short summary of the article for homework. It only has to be one paragraph long and make sure that you include the title, main idea, any details that you think are important, and a conclusion. Make sure that you do not copy the article but put it in you own words. A summary is usually shorter than the real article. I will be taking this up tomorrow morning for a grade.” When grading the paper, look to see if the students have a title, main idea, at least three details, and a conclusion.
- Foster, Ridey (2005) Sensational Summarization http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/constr/fosterrl.html
-Thomas, Gina (2004) Stormy Summarizing http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/guides/thomasrl.html
- The History of Pooh, http://www.just-pooh.com/history.html
- A.A. Milne, http://www.just-pooh.com/milne.html
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