I. Rationale: The main goal of reading is comprehension. Students can use many strategies to comprehend written text. One of the most important strategies for children to learn is summarization. Summarization can be defined as finding the most important information from a reading. To effectively summarize a text, students must follow several rules including identify main information, delete trivial and redundant information, and relate main and supporting ideas. In this lesson, I will teach the students story mapping as a way of learning to summarize so that they may improve their reading comprehension.
II.Materials: multiple copies of Luc Jacket’s March of the Penguins, five large sheets of butcher paper, markers
1. I will pre-assign the book March of the Penguins, by Luc Jacket, to the entire class at
least a week in advance to this lesson.
2. I will start of by telling the children how important it is to understand what they read. I will tell them that there is an easy way to help them accomplish this task called a story map.
the day the reading is to be finished, I will
ask the students to take out their books.
4. Now that everyone has completed the book March of the Penguins, we are going to write a summary. A summary is a paragraph or two that is written in your own words. It should be a shortened version of what happened in the story. Writing summaries can help you to remember what you have read, and it can be a lot of fun.
5. I want everyone to skim chapter. As you skim and refresh your memory, write down some words or ideas that you think explain the plot of the story.
6. When they are finished I will begin discussing story mapping. We are going to make a story map to help us write our summaries. I will show them an example of a story map. (I will hang a piece of the butcher paper on the chalkboard. I will write on it with a marker.) First, I will draw a big circle in the middle of my paper. Inside the circle I will write “chapter one”. What are some of the words and ideas you wrote down? Each time I write one of your words or ideas, I will draw a small circle around it. Then I will draw a line to connect it to our big Chapter One circle.
7. As a class we will complete the story map. Now, that we have finished our story map, we are going to write a summary. Our summary only needs to be one paragraph long, which is three to five complete sentences.
8. Together as a class we will discuss their ideas and condense them into a short paragraph summarizing the first chapter. I will write the paragraph on the butcher paper large enough for everyone to see it. Then I will split the students into four groups of four.
9. We have four groups of students in our classroom. There are four more chapters in March of the Penguins. Each group will be responsible for one chapter. Everyone will skim his or her chapter silently. When everyone in your group is finished, raise your hand and I will bring you a piece of butcher paper and markers. As a group, you will make your own story web and write a summary of your chapter at the bottom of the page.
10. When everyone is finished, each group will come up and present their story map and summary of their chapter.
IV. Assessment: I will use their summaries, story maps, and presentations to assess the students’ understanding and comprehension of March of the Penguins.
1.Jacket, Luc. March of the Penguins National Geographic Binding Society. 2005
2.Katie Burns. Putting It All Together With Summarization. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/explor/burnsrl.html
3.Terri Swindall. Learning to Summarize. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/inroads/swindallrl.html
4. Jill Overstreet Summarizing puts the pieces together
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