1, 2, 3…Summing It Up!
main goal of reading is comprehension. Students can use many strategies
comprehend written text. One of the most important strategies for
learn is summarization. Summarization can be defined as finding the
important information from a reading. To effectively summarize a text,
must follow several rules including identify main information, delete
and redundant information, and relate main and supporting ideas. In
lesson, students will practice summarizing articles to gain greater
Computer with internet access (National Geographic for
White board and markers
Paper, highlighter, and pencil for each student
lesson by saying, "The purpose of reading is comprehension. That just
means that the reason we read is to understand what we are reading.
Sometimes we want to understand just for fun and sometimes we want to
understand to learn something. A great way to help us comprehend is to
learn to summarize. Summarizing is a strategy in which you find the
most important information from a reading. This strategy will help you
to understand what you are reading better."
have been practicing reading silently, in our heads, and I want us to
keep doing that. Let’s practice it before we start to summarize. I’m
going to write this sentence on the board and then read it aloud. Read
"My dog can run really fast" out loud. Now read it silently. See how I
did that. Now it is your turn. Read this sentence out loud, then read
it silently in your head. "I am going to go swimming tomorrow." Very
- "On to summarizing. There are three
rules I want you to remember when you are summarizing." (Write on the
board as you say). “They are: 1. Get rid of any unnecessary or repeated
information, 2. pick out the most important items or events, 3. and
write a sentence that covers everything the author is trying to say
about the topic.”
- Read “The Great Koala Rescue” on
National Geographic for Kids’ website to class (http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngkids/0503/).
“Now I will follow are three rules of summarizing to help me comprehend
this text, and you all follow along. First, I will try to get rid of
any unimportant information. For example, it is not really important
that the koala in the story was looking for eucalyptus leaves. Next, I
will take out important items or events. For
example, the koala got its head stuck in the fence. A park ranger
helped to free it. Lastly, I will try to make a statement that covers
everything I read. For example, In Australia, a koala got its
head stuck in a fence, but a park ranger came to save it by using a
tranquilizer and cutting it free.”
- Now it is the student’s turn. I will
have them summarize this paragraph like I did the last one. “As
lightening flashed around them, Sabrina and her parents ran for cover.
“When it stopped raining, we thought it was safe,” says Sabrina. They
started to hike back to their car along the trail. Then zap! A
lightening bolt struck nearby. It happened so fast that the family
didn’t know what it hit. A jolt of electricity shot through their
bodies.” Have the class work together and work through the three rules.
- Give each student a copy of “Pet Fish
Learn New Tricks,” by Catherine Clarke Fox from the same National
- Explain to the students that as they
read they are to mark out the unimportant or repeated with their
pencil, and highlight the important facts.
- After they have finished that, have
them work in pairs to write a summarization of the article by using the
- Assessment: For assessment, collect
their articles as well as their summarizations. Check their three step
process by seeing if they marked out and highlighted correctly. Also
check their summarizations to make sure they are understanding the
for Kids, http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngkids.
Nell Fleming, 1, 2,
3…A Summary, http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/connect/flemingrl.html.
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