Up, Up and Away With Fluency
Kathryne Clark
Growing  Independence and Fluency

Rationale:
In order for children to become expert readers and to actually enjoy reading, they first have to develop fluency in their reading. Being fluent in reading involves reading faster, smoother, and with more expression. One of the first steps in developing fluency is learning to recognize words effortlessly and automatically.  This lesson will help students develop reading fluency through repeated readings and one-minute reads.

Materials:
-
Class copy and teacher copy of decodable book:  Pat’s Jam by: Shelia Cushman
- Stopwatch:  one for each partner group
- Class bulleting boards with decorative clouds on it to place each students poster on it to display achievement
-
Individual posters for class with clouds and numbers graphed on it for each child to place hot air balloons on for tracking fluency progress
- 3 small hot air balloons for each student (different designed paper) with each students name on them

Procedure:
1.“To start off our activity today, we are going to review a strategy we can use when we don’t recognize a word.  If we come to the letters s a c k   but cannot read the word, first we look at the vowel sound. In this word, a  says /a/. Next I go to the beginning sound. s says /sssss/ . If we add the vowel sound we have "sssssaaaaa" “Finally, we look at the last sound. It is ck=/k/. Now put all three sounds together to read "ssssaaaack. Sack! Great job! When we come to words we don't know when we are reading, one way to figure out the word is by using this vowel-first method to figure it out."

4. “Everybody did such a great job with this activity, but to make those hot air balloons go Up, Up and Away, you have to practice. I want for everyone to practice as much as you can, because the more you practice, the faster you get, and the more you will be able to read and understand.  You can take the books that I passed out today home and practice your reading with your parents or guardians or do it during DEAR time with a friend. I want for everyone to remember when you are reading what we talked about today, what to do when you get stuck on a word and how to read fluently.”

Assessment:
Students can be assessed for fluency by one minute reads.  The students will use fluency charts to keep up with their progress by moving their hot air balloon on the bulletin board for the highest WPM after 3 one minute reads.  After a book is read 3 or 4 times, a new book will be introduced and one minute reads should be repeated 3 or 4 more times.

References:
Cushman, Shelia. Pat’s Jam. Educational Insights:
Carson, CA, 1990.

Williams, Abby.  “Let’s Read for Speed!”.

Graves, Lindsay.  “Fly Away into Reading

Ebaugh, Jayme.  “Flying into Fluency”