In order for children to read and spell words, they
first be able to identify each letter in the alphabet and the phoneme
represents. This lesson
help children recognize the letter F in print and the phoneme
in spoken words. This goal will be met by having children listen
and repeat, the phoneme in spoken words, and by
children to create a meaningful representation using various objects
begin with the
Swimmy by Leo Lionni, alphabet chart,
F precut from construction paper (1 for each student), glue,
Froot Loops, small fish
cutouts, small flower cutouts, popsicle stick (1 for each student),
of completed project, primary paper, pencil, Handi-wipes, fishing rod
(wooden dowel, fishing line, magnet at the end), construction paper
with paper clips attached on the back (with a magazine picture on one
side, some of items with /f/ and some without-1 per student), fish
1. Begin by pointing
the letter Ff on the alphabet chart. Express /f/ as the
of a fizzing soda. Have students make the fizzing sound
too. DO YOU HEAR /f/ IN BOAT OR FISH? FLOWER OR
PLANT? CAN YOU THINK OF ANY WORDS THAT SOUND LIKE THE
SODA? Be sure to emphasize the
in each of the words.
2. Now the students
practice writing the letter Ff on the primary paper. WE
USE THE LETTER F TO SPELL /f/. WATCH AS I
WRITE THE LETTER F. FOR UPPER CASE,
OVER FOR HIS HAT, AND OVER FOR HIS BELT; FOR LOWER CASE, START
WITH LITTLE C UP IN THE AIR, STRAIGHTEN IT OUT, GO DOWN, CROSS AT THE
Create the letters on the chalkboard as you
name the steps for each. LET'S ALL WRITE THE LETTER F NOW.
the steps as the class writes the letters.
3. Now refer to the sample of the project
F covered with feather, flowers, Froot Loops, and fish).
THINGS DO YOU SEE
GLUED TO MY LETTER F (feathers, etc.)?
YOU HEAR /f/ IN FEATHER, FISH, ETC.? (stress the /f/
GOOD! NOW YOU ARE GOING TO
ITEMS WITH THE /f/ SOUND ONTO YOUR LETTER F. WAIT FOR ALL THE
BEFORE YOU BEGIN. Pass out
materials (letter F's, glue, feathers, small fish, flowers, and
4. DIP YOUR FINGER IN THE GLUE AND TRACE
YOUR LETTER F. (Place handi-wipes at the students' desks
clean the glue
their fingers when they finish.)
5. NOW I WANT YOU TO STICK THE OBJECTS
YOUR F. YOU CAN CHOOSE FROM F-F-FEATHERS, F-F-FISH, etc.
/f/). WHEN YOU ARE DONE,
IT IN THE CORNER OF YOUR DESK AND WAIT FOR THE GLUE TO DRY. WHEN
GLUE IS DRY, YOU CAN GLUE THE POPSICLE STICK TO THE
OF THE F AND WAIT UNTIL EVERYONE IS DONE.
6. When all the students are finished,
Swimmy by Leo Lionni. THIS IS A STORY ABOUT A F-F-FISH
SWIMMY AND ALL OF HIS F-FRIENDS
THE OCEAN. ONE DAY THE F-F-FISH ARE SWIMMING AND THEY GET
LET'S SEE WHAT
SWIMMY AND HIS F-F-FRIENDS. WHILE I READ, I WANT YOU TO LISTEN
THE /f/ SOUND. EACH TIME YOU HEAR IT I
WANT YOU TO RAISE YOUR F UP IN THE AIR AND THEN PUT IT BACK DOWN AND
FOR THE SOUND AGAIN.
This will be done in the form of a fishing
Lay out the construction paper fish on the floor, picture down.
students will take turns using the fishing rod to
a fish". Help the students identify the picture and if they hear
/f/ sound in the word, they will place the fish in
fishbowl. If they do not, they will hold the fish until everyone
had a turn. This is an individual effort and a check list can be
keep a record of each student's progress. Once each child has had
turn, this game can be placed in a center or used in a small group for
Holloway, Aretha. "Gorilla Girl Grows Green
the Letter G".
Lionni, Leo. Swimmy. Knopf/Pantheon
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