By: Emily Watts
Rationale: Children will learn to summarize text they are reading. This lesson will teach students how to summarize what they are reading and ultimately learn how to find meaning of what they have read.
Materials: copies of the article "Little Gorilla Rescue" from Ranger Rick Magazine (August 2003, Vol. 37, No. 8, pgs. 4-8) for each student, copies of the article "Do You Know Beetles?" from the same Ranger Rick Magazine (Oct. 2003, Vol. 37, No. 8, pgs. 22-23) for each student, highlighter for each child, markers, paper, pencil, chalk.
1. First, review silent reading with the class. "Today, we are going to start with going back over silent reading. Who remembers what this is? Right silent reading is when we read with our eyes and not a loud. Why do we read silently? Good, we do this because it helps us to understand what we are reading. There are also other things we can do to help us understand or comprehend what we are reading. One way is by summarizing our text. "Who can tell me what it means to 'summarize?" Right, when we summarize something we retell it, stressing only the most important parts in order to emphasize the main idea. When you are summarizing a text, you must create a shorter version of what you read. This means you take out any information that is not important or that is repeated in the text. Ask, "Why is summarization important for reading? Exactly, summarizing helps us to better understand what we have read. Today I'm going to teach a few basic steps that will help you summarize your readings, and then we will practice summarizing text together. "
2. There are five simple steps
summarization. (Write steps on the board while explaining them out
Step 1: Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.
Step 2: Pick out the less important or repeated ideas from the story and eliminate.
Step 3: Highlight the important details using keywords.
Step 4: List keywords in the order they appeared in the passage.
Step 5: Trim the list of key words down to one topic sentence.
Okay, now that I have written the five steps on the board, let's review them aloud and the practice using them.
3. Pass out the article "Little Gorilla Rescue" to each student. Then tell them to read the article silently to themselves. Make sure you allow enough time for each student to finish the article.
4. Now tell the students, "I am going to model for you how to summarize a paragraph using the five simple steps to summarization." Read the first paragraph aloud to the students. "Now, I want you to listen for the important facts as I read." After summarizing the paragraph, remind the students the steps you used to create the summary. "Did you notice how I pulled the useful or important information, leaving behind the less important ideas from the story?" "Good!" "Now I will write down some important highlights or keywords from the story in sequential order on the board. Then I will trim the list of key words down to one topic sentence." Then the teacher should read the topic sentence aloud to the children.
5. "Now, I want you to
out your paper and pencils. Reread the rest of the article
silently. Use your highlighter to highlight the parts that you
think are important." Provide a
sufficient amount of
time for each student to finish.
6. "Now, I want you to write a summary of the rest of the article you just read. Remember to use the "five steps to summarization". Make sure to only write the parts that you think are important and don't forget to put it in your own words."
7. While the children are summarizing the article, walk around the class and observe each child's summary. Comment about the summaries and provide help if needed.
8. Assessment: "Now, I want you to take out another piece of paper and your pencils." Give each student a copy of the article "Do You Know Beetles?" from the same Ranger Rick Magazine (Oct. 2003, Vol. 37, No. 8, pgs. 22-23). "I want you to read this article and summarize it as best as you can. Remember to use the five steps we talked about. You may refer to the board where the five steps are listed in case you have forgotten." Allow them to summarize the story on their own. The students will then turn in a summarization of the article to the teacher. The teacher will read each one making sure every child knows how to summarize a story by using the checklist below.
Redundant information was
Yes O No
Trivial information was taken out: O Yes O No
There are only main points in the summarization: O Yes O No
Pressley, M., C.J. Johnson, S. Symons, J.A. McGoldrick, and J.A. Kurity (1989) Strategies that Improve Children's Memory and Comprehension of Text. The Elementary School Journal, 90, 3-32.
"Little Gorilla Rescue" from Ranger Rick Magazine (August 2003, Vol. 37, No. 8, pgs. 4-8)
"Do You Know Beetles?" from the same Ranger Rick Magazine (Oct. 2003, Vol. 37, No. 8, pgs. 22-23).
here to return to Inspirations.
here to return to Inspirations.