Abby is Unhappy
must understand that letters stand for
spoken words when learning to read and spell words.
They must understand that spelling map out
the phoneme sequence in spoken words. A
child's ability to recognize phonemes is an indicator of their reading
achievement. This lesson will help
students identify the
a=/a/ correspondence. Students will
learn to recognize /a/ in spoken words and will be able to identify the
a in written words.
paper and pencils
CA: Educational Insights, 1990.
with pictures of a cat, dog, car,
bottle, rat, spider, van, and bike on it.
- Introduce the lesson by explaining
that we are going to learn about the letter a today.
Explain that the letter a makes the /a/ sound in many words. "Today we are going to practice finding words
with /a/ in them."
- Ask students "What sound does a baby
make when they cry? Waaa.
The /a/ in waaa is the sound we are going to look for today."
- "We are going to try a tongue twister
with /a/ in it. Find the words that you
hear /a/ in. Repeat after me, Abby asked
for apples in the alley with the alligator. Now
lets stretch out the /a/ sound. Aaabby
aaasked for aaapples in the aaalley. Good
- Have the students get out primary
paper and a pencil. Explain that you can
write the letter a to spell /a/. Model how
you write the letter a on the board as you explain it to the class. "To write the letter a, start just below the
fence, go up to touch the fence and loop back down to the sidewalk. After touching the sidewalk curve back up so
that you made a circle, and then make a line straight down until you
hit the sidewalk. After writing this a
write 5 more on the line."
- "We are going to listen for /a/ in
words that I say." Pass out red cards and
blue cards. "When I say a word and you
hear /a/ hold up the red card. If you
don't hear /a/ then hold up the blue card." Use
the words cat, ham, get, can, fish, nap, rat, bet, has, and hot.
- Read "A Cat Nap".
Tell the students to hold up their red card every time a
word with /a/ is read.
- To assess the children hand out a
worksheet of different pictures. Have the
children circle the pictures that have /a/ in their name.
J. Lloyd (1995).
"Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms."
Merrill, 1995, pp.50-70.
Educational Insights, 1990.
to return to Inspirations.