Anna Beth Sanders
Reading to Learn
Rationale: In order to comprehend text, one must visualize what is going on. Visualization does not occur naturally, and must be explained to young readers. In this lesson, young readers learn the importance of visualization as a tool for comprehension. The young readers are given a chance to practice visualization while reading.
Materials: reading journal for each student, self chosen book for each student, Mr. Popper's Penguins, by Richard and Florence Atwater.
4. Begin to read Mr. Popper's Penguins and have students practice visualizing. "Let's practice visualizing with a book. I am going to begin to read Mr. Popper's Penguins, and I want you to picture in your head what I am reading. Think about what Mr. Popper might look like, what the weather is like and what the neighborhood is like. Close your eyes while I read and visualize." (Read the first two paragraphs of the book)
Page 3 of Mr. Popper's Penguins:
"It was an
afternoon in late September. In the pleasant
little city of
He was carrying his buckets, his ladders, and his boards so that he had rather a hard time moving along. He was spattered here and there with paint and calcimine, and there were bits of wallpaper clinging to his hair and whiskers, for he was rather an untidy man."
the students share what they visualized. Have students tell what they
Popper looks like, what the weather is like, and what kind of
6. Review silent reading by modeling, and have children read silently and visualize. "Now, you are going to read on your own and practice visualizing. Remember, we must read silently so we won't disturb anyone else. It is especially important to read silently when others are trying to visualize. So remember to read like this (Model reading Mr. Popper's Penguins silently, with emphasis on eye movement) see how I am not reading out loud but to myself; notice how my eyes are moving as I read (read more). Take out the book you got at the library and begin reading, Visualize as you read. After we read we are going to write in our reading journals.
assessment, have students write in their reading journals.
Have the students describe the setting in
their book. "
8. Read the journal entries to assess level of comprehension. Amount of detail should reflect the level of comprehension. If the student goes into great detail (list 4-6 details), they probably did a good job visualizing, if the student does not have much to say (lists 1-2 details), they probably need more instruction on visualization.
Meadors, Laura Can you see it? http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/inroads/meadorsrl.html
Pressley, M. Johnson, C. J., Symons. S., McGoldrock, J. A., &
J. A.(1989). Strategies that Improve Childrenâs Memory and
Comprehension of Text.
The Elementary School Journal, 90, p.9.
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