Words and Sentences
by Sara Roehm
Rationale: Students need to
know basics of print before they can master the basics of reading. This
lesson will allow students to compare and contrast words and sentences
so that they can recognize
them in print.
* books- A Cat Nap
(one for each student)
* handouts numbered with various words and sentences
one different lines
ex: 1. dog
dog chased the cat.
4. The frog jumped on a lilly pad.
* signs with a happy face on one side and a sad face
on the other (one for each student)
* Notecards with words and sentences for assessment
ex: cat, The cat took a nap., girl, The girl smiled., etc.
* White board and dry erase marker
1. "Today we are going to look at words and
sentences. Sometimes it is hard to tell the difference, but we are
learn some tricks to help us."
2. The teacher should then go to the board and write
cat. Under the word write the sentence The cat ran.
(Make sure to
exaggerate the period.) Point to cat
an ask the students if they can tell you what it says. Then say,
Is cat a word or a sentence? Yes,
it is a word. Now let's look at our sentence. A sentence is a group of
3. Point to each word while reading. "The cat ran.
Notice I began reading on the left. A good way to remember your
left and right is to use your hands. Hold
them out in front of you with your palms facing me. Good. Now put down
all of your fingers except your pointer
fingers and thumbs. Which hand makes an L? That is your left hand. The
hand is your right hand." (If this is too
difficult, say, " The door in our classroom is on he left. So, whenever
reading at your desk, start on the side
closest to the door.")
4. "Next, look at the very first letter of our
sentence. It is a capital letter. All sentences start with a capital
sentence ends with a period. A period is
the dot (point to the board) that you see here." Hand out books.
5. "Open your books to the first page. Watch as I
read the first sentence. (Hold book up and point as you read.) Bud
sub. Notice the first letter is a
capital b. What is at the end? Right, a period. Let's see how
are in the first
sentence. (Point and count) One, two,
three, four. There are four words in this sentence. How many words are
page? How many sentences?" (Do this on
various pages throughout the book.) Finish reading the book and have
children point and follow along.
6. Pass out smiley/frowny signs to the students.
"Boys and girls, I am going to show you some cards one by one. If
you see a sentence, hold up a smiley face.
If it is not a sentence, show me the frowny face." This is good
distinguishing words and sentences.
7. Take up the signs and pass out worksheets. "We
are going to look at this paper and decide if there is a word or
sentence beside each number. Everyone point
to number one. Is there a word or sentence next to number one?"
Continue for all of the numbers. For
assessment, the teacher can walk around and ask each student about a
number, or each student can go to the
teacher's desk and answer the first five for the teacher.
A Cat Nap. Carson, CA.
Educational Insights, 1990.
The Secret Code of Sentences Greer,
Click here to return to Inspirations