Mapping Out Summarization
Lesson Design for Learning to Read
the journey of learning to read, one of the last key concepts is
learning to summarize. It is vital for students to
posses the skills needed to separate the important ideas from the text
that they read. In this lesson through a review of
silent reading, going over the steps of summarizing text, and teaching
how to draw out maps of the key ideas, students will be set on the path
to become successful readers and learners.
pencils and paper for each student, the book "Who Was Thomas
Jefferson?" written by Dennis Brindell Fradin and published by Grosset
& Dunlap in July 2003, enough copies for your classroom of the
article Land Deal in the November/December 2003 issue of National
Geographic Explorer! children's magazine, and an assessment
checklist (with the points mentioned below).
My checklist would
include the points:
- The student had the correct format
- The student had an idea/topic sentence
- The student had enough important ideas
- The student's main ideas were relevant
- First review with your students how to read silently.
Good morning class! I am going to
start today's lesson by reviewing something that is important to good
readers, it is how to read silently. Pick up the
copy of "Who Was Thomas Jefferson?" and read it out loud to the class.
Ask, Was that reading to myself? Hopefully
the answer is no. Next, read it out loud
whispering, and ask the same question. For the last
time model how to read silently the correct way.
- Introduce the idea of summarizing to the class. Today
we are going to talk about learning to summarize. Can
anyone tell me what they think summarizing means? Listen
for answers. Make sure the students hear that
summarizing means to read and be able to pick out the important facts
from the unnecessary ones in a text or story.
- Go over the steps of how to summarize. Class,
I want to share six important steps that can help us become great at
summarizing what we read. They are:
the steps out loud as well as writing them on the board.
- Delete unimportant information
- Delete repeated information
- Replace lists of items with easier words or terms
- Add a series of events with an easy action term
- Select a topic sentence
- If there is no topic sentence, create one
Go over each of steps with your class, and ask for questions.
- Next share with your students that a great way to show what
they have learned through their summarizing skills is a map or a web.
Start off by telling them that the first step in creating
a map is to write the main idea or topic sentence in the middle of
their paper with a circle around it. On another
part of the board, write Thomas Jefferson and circle it. Then
share that to make it a map of ideas we next draw lines coming out from
the circle with important ideas attached to them. Show
this on the board by writing Third President, Louisiana Purchase, and Monticello
around his name with lines connecting them.
- Then pick up and introduce the book "Who Was Thomas
Jefferson?", you can do this by reminding your students he was the
third president, and other facts. Then read a few
pages of the book. Show the students how to use the
steps of summarizing when you go back over the pages you read.
Then once you have separated the important information, go
over to the board again and add some more ideas around Thomas Jefferson
that you have just pulled from the text.
- Hand out copies of the article Land Deal from National
Geographic Explorer! Encourage the
students to use the skills they have just learned in order to summarize
the article. Then once they have practiced those,
to create a map of the ideas they have chosen from the reading that
they think are important. Walk around the classroom
and assist the students as needed.
Assessment: Take up
your student maps once they have completed them. Look
over them and use the checklist to make sure they have an understanding
of the concept of summarizing.
Murray, Bruce. The Reading
Genie Website. www.auburn.edu/rdggenie
Dean, Lindsay. The Reading
Genie Website. "Summarization Mapping" www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/elucid/deanrl.html
to return to Inspirations!