When introducing phonemes to beginning readers it is important to
start them on exercises in which they can be successful fairly easily.
phoneme /O/ is one that sounds like it looks. Students make an O with
mouths and the sound /O/ comes out. In this lesson students will learn
recognize words that have /O/ in them. They will also practice writing
letter O. Through these exercises the students will gain confidence
can be good readers.
flashcards, primary paper and pencil, Bing-o cards for each student,
master word list (go, hot, toe, goat, grow, cow, so, boat, and home),
with /O/ on them, one copy of the book ''Is Jo Home?'', handout with
words with and without the long /O/ sound in them from the book
"Today the sound we are going to learn is /O/. Can you make your mouth
a little circle
and say Ohhhhh? This is called a long O. Did you notice my lips
when I said the words the long O sound? They were shaped almost like I
going to kiss someone. I’m going to say some words now that have this
them: toooe, gooo, and soooap. Can you hear the long O in them? (Repeat
There are words that have the letter O in them that do not sound like
O. Here are some that do not have the long O sound: top, hot, stop.
words my lips were shaped differently. Watch my lips while I say
you see my lips in the kissing shape? No. Your mouth is always in a
shape when you say the long O. Here is a symbol for the long O sound.
you see this symbol you will know how to pronounce the O."
"Now that you know something about the letter O we are going to
writing it. Take out you paper and pencils. The letter O is the shape
circle. Watch me write it on the board (demonstrate). You start at the
line and curve down till you touch the sidewalk and without stopping
up till you get back to where you started. Now let me see each of you
row of O's. Raise your hand when you are finished so I can check your
"Now we are going to play a game called Bing-o. Have any of you played
before? This Bing-o game is special because it will help us learn our
long O sound.
Each of you will get a Bingo card with 9 words (go, hot, toe, goat,
so, boat, and home) words (go, hot, toe, goat, grow, cow, so, boat, and
it and 7 disks. The disks have a sign on them that means the same as
the long O
sound. I am going to say a word. Listen very carefully. If you hear the
sound put one of your disks on the word. This game is like tic tac toe.
you must have a row of disks on your card in a line up and down, across
diagonally (demonstrate). When this happens you say 'Bing-o.' Now when
I say a
word that has the long O sound, you may put a disk on it. If it does
the long O sound, leave that space empty. Remember: not every word with
an O in
it is a long O word. Let's begin. (Play the game. There are 3 card
so one third of the students will win.) Congratulations winners. But
what? Everyone is a winner as we are all learning our long O sounds."
"Now lets try a tongue twister with words that have the long O sound in
them. Repeat after me. "The goooat wore nooo coooat while he rooowed
boooat." Lets say it again and tell me how many words in that sentence
long O sound."
Assessment: "I'll read a simple book that has some long O sounds in it.
Listen carefully while I read for words with the /O/ sound. When I have
finished I want you to circle the pictures of words that have the long
them on your handout."
"Is Jo Home?" 1990 Educational Insights
April Grimmett http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/discov/grimmettel.html