Steps to Sum It Up!"
Reading to Learn Design
By: Rebecca Creecy
Rationale: Comprehension is a very important aspect to teach
children when they are learning how to read. A great strategy to
help children learn comprehension is summarization. The purpose
of this lesson is to teach children how to summarize using a series of
steps. In this lesson, I will model how to use the steps to
summarization and then allow the children to practice on their
Materials: Chalk, Chalkboard, Paper, Pencil, Sheet with the
steps to summarization for each student: 1. Delete unimportant
information, 2. Delete repeated information, 3. Substitute easy terms
for lists of items, 4. Add a series of events with an easy action term,
5. Select a topic sentence, 6. Invent a topic sentence if there is
none; A copy of the Tiger article for
each student from the National Geographic Explorer for Kids magazine
at the following website:
1. "Today we are going to learn a
new strategy called summarization. Summarization is picking out
the facts that are important and that make up the main idea of the
passage. This strategy will help us to improve our comprehension
skills. Can someone raise their hand and tell me what the word
comprehension means? That's right! Comprehension is being
able to understand what we read."
2. "Now I am going to pass out a
sheet to each of you that has a list of some steps that you can follow
when summarizing a passage. Let's all go through them
together: 1. Delete unimportant information, 2. Delete
repeated information, 3. Substitute easy terms for lists of items, 4.
Add a series of events with an easy action term, 5. Select a topic
sentence, 6. Invent a topic sentence if there is none." I will
ask them if they have any questions about any of the steps. If
they do we will discuss them more, if not I will continue.
3. "Now we are going to review silent
reading. Can someone raise their hand and tell me what it means
to read silently? Very good! It means that we read to
ourselves without making a sound. Why do we read silently?
That's right, because it helps us to understand what we are reading."
4. "Okay, now we are going to practice
summarizing an article using the steps that we just talked about.
(Pass out the article). I want you to read the first three
paragraphs of you article silently. As you are reading, remember
to focus on the main ideas of the article."
5. "Now that you have finished reading
the article, let's summarize the three paragraphs together. The
first step is to delete the unimportant information." I will
model one unimportant fact on the board to give them an example.
"The following information is not important to understand the
article: About 15 minutes west of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, just
off Interstate 10, the Tiger Truck Stop keeps a 350-pound
(160-kilogram) Siberian tiger named Tony. We do not need this
information to comprehend the story, so we can "delete" it from the
Now, can someone raise their hand and tell me something else that they
that was unimportant." I am going to write these examples on the
as they give them to me. "Now let's look for repeated
Well, in these first three paragraphs there is no repeated information,
we can move on to the next step. The next step is substituting
terms for lists of items. Can someone raise their hand and give
an example from the passage? Good, now I want someone to raise
hand and tell me what they think would be a good topic sentence for the
three paragraphs of this article. Very good, can someone else
me another example? Great job!" I would use step six if
were not a topic sentence that we could use from the passage.
6. "You have all done a great job of
summarizing. Now, I want you to try to summarize the rest of the
article by yourselves. Read the rest of the article
silently. Remember to pay attention to the main ideas."
7. Assessment: I will assess each student
individually as they summarize the remainder of the article.
you are reading the article I want you to write down the important
on the left side of you paper and the unimportant information on the
side of your paper. When you are finished, I want you to come up
your own topic sentence and write it down at the bottom of your
I am going to take these up, so do the best that you can!" I
read their papers and make sure that they were able to distinguish
unimportant and important information. Then I would check to make
that their topic sentence relates to the article.
to Summarization! by, Sara Knight)
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