Growing Independence and
Rationale: Fluency is a
to becoming a better reader. One of the five components of
fluency is reading with expression. Reading with expression
changing the speed, volume, or pitch of your voice. It is
for children to learn to read with expression, because they gain a
understanding of the material that they are reading. In this
the children will learn this concept by watching me model fluent and
reading. Then they will have the opportunity to practice reading
expression with a partner.
By, Rebecca Creecy
Materials: Chalk for chalkboard; Goldilocks and the Three Bears;
variety of age appropriate decodable books for each student in the
to choose from, paper and pencils for each child.
1. "Today we are going to focus on reading with
When we read with expression it makes a story much more
If we do not read with expression a story is usually dull and
Reading with expression can help you to easily understand a
Also, if you are reading to other people, they will enjoy listening
if you read expressively."
2. "Does anyone know what the word expression
You're right, it is a way that we can change our voices to make our
more exciting. Some ways that we can do this is by paying
to the character that is speaking. If it is a dad, we can use a
voice and if it is a baby we can use a high voice. We can also
the speed by reading faster when something exciting is about to happen
slower if something sad is happening."
3. "Now I am going to read you a story about three
that decide to go for a walk in the woods. But, when they get
they discover that someone has been in their house. We are going
have to read to find out who it is and what happens. I want you
to pay close attention to how I read the book. (I will model
the first 2 pages of Goldilocks and the Three Bears without using
When I read the story did it sound very exciting? NO?! Why
What should I do next time to make it sound more exciting? (I
make a list of the children's answers on the board. Ex. Talk with
deep voice for Papa Bear)."
4. "Now I will reread the story using the suggestions
you all gave me. (Read the story). Did you like the way I
the story the first time or the second time better? The
Can you give me some examples of ways that I made the reading more
5. "Now I am going to assign you all a partner.
want you and your partner to choose one of these books to read to each
When you read the book to your partner, I want you to practice reading
expression. You can use cover-ups if you are having trouble with
words that you do not know. Remember cover-ups are when you cover
parts of words until you can figure it out. The person who is not
will be making a list of ways that you were reading with expression and
for improvement. When both of you have read the book, you will
reread the book and use the suggestions that you have written on your
to continue practicing reading with expression."
6. (Once everyone is finished, I will have the groups
up to the front of the class one at a time to model reading their book
expression to their classmates.) "I want everyone to pay close
to your classmates so that you can hear the expressions that they use
they are reading." (When they have finished reading their book I
ask the other classmates to point out some of the expressions that they
while listening to the book.) "You all did a fantastic job of
with expressions! Do you all see how it makes a story much more
7. Assessment: I will ask each child to choose
book to read and then make a list of suggestions for expressions – like
did earlier in class. When they have finished, I will call on
student one at a time to come up to my desk and show me their list and
have them read their book using their list of expressions. This
help me to see if the child understands the concept of reading with
Also, it will allow me to work with them one on one and give them
to what is working well and what they might could add to their lists.
("Loving to Read While
Learning to Express" by, Sara Knight)
Ransom, Candice. Goldilocks and the Three Bears.
Bryant, Laura J.
Click here to return to Inspirations.