Tick Tock Goes The Clock

Emergent Literacy

Rationale:Letter recognition is one of the two best predictors of first year reading achievement (Adams, 36).It is very important for children to be able to recognize letters in written language.It is also important for children to be able to associate letters and their sounds to a meaning.The goal of this lesson is to introduce /t/.During the lesson students will learn to say /t/, recognize the letter /t/, and write upper and lower case t.

Materials:Primary paper and pencil, dry erase board blank, dry erase maker, chart paper, crayons, chart with "Today Teddy talked to ten people at two o clock", class set of cards with upper and lower case t on one side and a sad face on the other, and a handout with pictures on it. (Table, hat, jacket, turtle, tree, dog, lamp, bubbles, egg, socks).The book ABC by Dr. Seuss


1.Explain to the class that spoken language and written language is made up of twenty-six different letters.These letters by themselves make their on sound.When combined with other letters they make words.Today we are going to concentrate on the letter t.I want to teach you how to recognize /t/ by the mouth move that it makes.

2.Have you ever heard a clock ticking?Well it sounds like /t/, /t/, /t/.That is the same sound that the letter t makes.Everyone do it with me /t/, /t/, /t/.Now do it again.Great Job!Now notice class when we say /t/, /t/, /t/ the tip of our tongue press on the roof of our mouth right behind our front teeth then t-t-tumbles off.When ever you feel this then the letter t is in the word you are saying.

3.Now class lets try a tongues twister.Listen closely so that you can repeat it when I am finished."Today Teddy talked to ten people at two o clock".(Chart with tongue twister for the class to see).Let me hear you say it two times.Super!Now do it again.This time lets stretch out the /t/ at the beginning of each word that begins t."TTToday TTTeddy tttalked ttto ttten people at tttwo o clock".That was perfect!This is the last time, we are going to break it off the word; /T/ oday /T/ eddy /t/ alked /t/ o /t/ en people at /t/ wo o clock.Great Job!

4.Class please take out your pencil and paper.We are going to learn how to spell /t/.Upper case T is really easy.Go down and cross at the top.(Write on dry erase board for class to see you model).Now let me see you do it.Super!Once you have written it once continue to write it nine more times.(I will walk around the room to see which students are struggling).Now class we are going to write lower case t.It is like upper case T but not as tall.Go down and cross the middle.Now let me see you do it.Great Job!Continue to write lower case t nine more times.(I will walk around the room to see which students are struggling).

5.Now class we are going to play a game.I am going to ask hear which words you hear /t/ in.I am going to give you a card.On one side of the card there is an upper and lower case t and on the other side there is a sad face.When you hear a word that has /t/ then you hold up the card with upper and lower case t and show it to me.If the word does not have /t/, then you hold up the sad face and show it to me.Do you hear /t/ in top?  Teeth? Dog?Table? Chair?Baby?  Bat?Apple?  Tangelo?Wasnt that fun?You all did an excellent job!

6.Class, now I am going to read you a book about the alphabet.It is Dr. Suesss ABC.This book is about an adventure through the alphabet.It tells about each letter and what words that letter makes.Well have to read the book to see what happens during the adventure through the alphabet.Then I will reread the book.This time class when I read the book, I want you to listen for /t/.When you hear a word that has /t/ in it I wan you to raise your hand and tell me the word.We are going to make a word wall with all the words that have the sound /t/ in this book to keep in our room.

7.For further assessment I will pass out a picture page that contains several different pictures.As a class we will discuss what each picture is.Then each student will circle the pictures whose name has /t/.


  1. Adams, Marilyn Jager. (1990). Beginning To Read, Thinking and Learning about Print. Office of Educational Research and Improvement.
  2. Geisel, Theodore. (1963). Dr. Seuss's ABC. New York: Random House
Shona Butcher

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