Reading Comprehension is one of the most important componenets to
learning how to read. Children need to be able not only to read the
words on the page but also to be able to understand what they are
reading. A good way to help children learn this is to teach them
summarization skills. During this lesson students will learn how to
summarize the first chapter of a book, as well as learning the six
steps of summarization.
chalkboard, chalk, plain white paper, pencils, a copy of Shiloh
by Phyllis Reynolds
Naylor for every student, butcher paper, markers for studnets to use to
1. I will have already assigned reading Shiloh
to the entire class
abouta week to a week and a half before wanting to do this lesson. Shiloh
is a wonderful story
about a young boy's struggle to keep an abandon dog that he found, and
exactly how far he will have to go to protect his new best friend.
2. Has everyone finished reading Shiloh? Great! I hope that
everyone enjoyed the story as much as I have. Now that we have all
finished the reading we are going to practice writing a summary. Does
anyone know waht a summary is? Well it is a basic description of the
plot and characters ina story. Writing summaries helps you to remember
things that you read, but it can be a lot of fun too!!
3. I want everyone to take out
your books, and re-read chapter one to yourself. As you read I want you
to write down some of the things that you think are the most important
facts about the story and what is going on in. For example, I might
write down the main characters name, where he lives, etc.
4. After they have finished I will begin to explain story
maping. While they are reading be hanging up the butcher paper so that
you can draw the map out and have your students copy it. Now we are going to start summing up
chapter one of our book. We are going to use a story map to help us. i
want you all to take out your main ideas that you wrote down, and two
blank pieces of paper. I have drawn one large circle with fice small
circles around them with arrows pointing at the large circle. In the
middle circle I have written "Shiloh: Chapter One" becasue that is what
we are writing out summaries about. Now in each of the five smaller
circles we are going to write some of the important facts that you
picked out from chaper one. For example, I might want to write down the
main character's name,"Marty" in one circle. What other things did you
all think were important about chaper one?
5. Together we will complete the story map. Make sure that each
student is copying what you are writing on the butcher paper. Now we are all going to "sum up" chapter
one in only three to five sentences using the ideas that we wrote down
in the circles.
Write down the summary that they come up with
on the chalkboard. Does anyone have
any questions about summarizing? Does everyone understand about how it
is a quick and easy way to understand and remember what you read?
6. Then have the students re-read the second chapter silently to
themselves. Ask them to individually make up a story map. Once they
have finished ask for a volunteerto come up to the board and write down
everyone's ideas on a clean sheet of butcher paper. Then ask for a
second volunteer to condense the ideas into the three to five sentence
summary and write that up on the board.
7. Now that we have done two chapters
together I am going ot break you all down into groups and assign each
of you a different chapter. I want you all to write down your own map
on one peiceof ppare and your three to five page summaries on the other
sheet of paper. Afdter you are finished I want youto bring them to my
desk for me to look at. Once i Have approved your summaries you may
decorate them with markers. Then once you are done, after school today
I am going to make a copy of everyone's maps and sentences about each
chapter in Shiloh.
Does everyone understand? Great! Get started!! I will be walking around
the room if you all ever have any questions.
8. Walk around the room and observe the students progress.
I will assess the students by looking over their group summaries and
walking around the room to amek sure that the entire group is
participating in the process.
Oglesby, Kara http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/openings/oglesbyrl.html
"Fun with Summarizing"
York, Lyndsay http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/openings/yorkrl.html
"Summing it all Up"
Naylor, Phyllis Reynolds Shiloh,
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