Reading to Learn
What's The Point?
Jessica Acton

 

Rationale:  As children begin to develop silent reading and fluency, they need to be able to comprehend what they are reading. In this lesson children will learn how to summarize by mapping a story to find the major points in it, and be able to understand what the whole story is about by comprehending the summary.

Materials: Paper, pencil, dry erase markers, dry erase board,  Magazine articles from- National Geographic Kids Magazine/ Issue: November through December, 2003

Articles: Siberian Survivor (pg. 16-21) and Land of the Rings (pg. 4)

Procedure: REMEMBER WHEN WE WENT OVER SILENT READING? DOES ANYONE REMEMBER WHAT IT IS? Take answers. THAT'S RIGHT! READING TO YOURSELF SO THAT YOU CAN HEAR THE WORDS IN YOUR HEAD. WHEN WE READ SILENTLY, OUR VOICES SHOULD NEVER GET ABOVE A VERY QUIET WHISPER IF NOT COMPLETELY SILENT.

WHEN WE SILENTLY READ TO OURSELVES WE ARE READING FOR A PURPOSE. THAT PURPOSE IS TO COMPREHEND WHAT WE ARE READING. TO COMPREHEND IS TO UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU ARE READING. HAS ANYONE EVER READ A WHOLE PARAGRAPH AND WHEN YOU DONE REALIZED THAT YOU DON'T REMEMBR ANYTHING THAT YOU READ? THAT'S CALLED NOT COMPREHENDING! WE WANT TO REMEMBER WHAT WE READ! BUT ESPECIALLY WE WANT TO REMEMBER THE MOST IMPORTANT PARTS OF WHAT WE READ.

WHEN WE SUMMARIZE SOMETHING THAT MEANS WE GET OUT ALL OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PARTS OF THE STORY SO THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND, OR COMPREHEND WHAT WE READ! WHEN YOU SUMMARIZE SOMETHING YOU WANT TO (write these three points on the board) 1. FIND ALL OF THE MAIN POINTS, 2. YOU WANT TO TAKE OUT ANY SMALL DETAILS THAT AREN'T VERY IMPORTANT, AND 3. YOU NEED TO PUT TOGETHER ANY IDEAS THAT ARE THE SAME SO THAT YOU DON'T HAVE MORE THAN ONE OF THE SAME MAIN POINTS! LETS PRACTICE.

I read aloud Land of the Rings to all the students because it is only a page. I WANT EVERYONE TO GET OUT THEIR PAPER AND PENCILS. AS I READ THIS STORY, LAND OF THE RINGS, I WANT EVERYONE TO BE TAKING NOTES ON WHAT THEY THINK IS THE MOST IMPORTANT POINTS. When finished reading the story, start drawing a map on the board and ask for children's input to fill it in).

NOW WE WILL DRAW A MAP TO SUMMARIZE THIS STORY. I AM GOING TO MAKE A BOX IN THE MIDDLE AND PUT THE TITLE OF THE STORY IN THAT BOX. EVERYHTHING THAT WE WRITE FROM NOW ON WILL BE ATTACHED TO THIS BOX IN SOME WAY BECAUSE THIS IS THE STORY THAT WE ARE SUMMARIZING. Take answers about what the children thought were the main points and what was most important. Add a box from the original centered box for each separate fact.

NOW THAT WE HAVE THIS MAP TO TELL US ALL OF THE INFORMATION THAT IS MOST IMPORTANT ABOUT LAND OF THE RINGS, TAKE THIS INFORMATION AND WRITE YOUR SUMMARY (WHICH WILL BE ABOUT ONE PARAGRAPH) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER!

Next I will give the students the second article, Siberian Survivor, and ask them to read silently, make a map, and summary on their own. NOW, YOU ARE GOING TO TRY THIS ON YOUR OWN! I AM GIVING YOU THIS OTHER ARTICLE, Siberian Survivor. I WANT YOU TO DO THE SAME THING WE JUST DID TOGETHER. READ THE ARICLE SILENTLY TO YOURSELF, MAKE A MAP OF THE MOST INPORTANT POINTS, AND WRITE A PARAGRAPH LONG SUMMARY.

 

Assessment:  I will collect all of the student's papers and check to see if all understand how to summarize and map. I will pay attention to trivial details and repeated points to be sure that there are no unnecessary things.

Reference:
 Pressley, Michael. Strategies That Improve Children's Memory and Comprehension of Text.  The Elementary School Journal. Volume 90, no.1. 1989.

Williams, Alyssa. Sum Stuff. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/openings/williamsrl.html

 

Picture found: members.tripod.com/~doxie_44/ school1/stud1.gif


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