Karissa Lang                                                                                                            Emergent Literacy
Aaaa! A Baby's Crying
Rationale:  Children learn to differentiate words from one another by their unique sound sequences or phonemes.  This lesson will help students identify the short vowel sound a=/a/.  They will recognize /a/ by listening for /a/ in words, by practicing writing a so they will be able to recognize it in print, and by reading a book focusing on a=/a/.

Materials:  Primary paper, pencil, chart with "Alex loves apples, cats, and hats", picture page with apple, cat, sun, bag, nut, hat cup, and ant; The Cat and the Hat by Dr. Seuss.

Procedures: 1.  Introduce the lesson by explaining that words are made up of mouth moves that produce sounds.  Today class we are going to learn the mouth move a=/a/.]
2.  Ask students: Have you ever heard a baby cry?  A baby says aaah when he cries.  Now, everyone cry like a baby in a quiet voice.  How does your mouth feel?  It is open or closed?
3.  Let's try a tongue twister on the chart to help us remember what a=/a/ sounds like.  "Alex                      loves apples, cats, and hats."  Say it one time with me.  Now say it three times by yourselves.  Now let’s say it again together by saying the a=/a/ sound extra loud.  Ready:  "Aaaaalex loves aaaaaples, caaaaats, aaaaand haaaaats."   Great job!!
4. [Have students take out their primary paper and pencil.]  We can use the letter a to spell the /a/ sound.  Let's write it.  Start a little below the fence.  Go up and touch the fence and then go down to the sidewalk.  Now go back to where you started and go straight down the sidewalk.  After I have checked everyone's a, please go back and make five more just like it.
5. [Call on students to tell which word has the a=/a/ sound.]  Do you hear /a/ in bag or tug?  Sun or cat?  Hat or nut?  Now, I want everyone to cry like a baby every time you hear a=/a/ in a word and remain quiet when a word does not have the a=/a/ sound.  Do you hear a=/a/ in apple?  Tug?  Mat?  Sit?  Ant?  Book?  Bag?  Hat?
6. [Read Cat and the Hat twice.  The third time have children raise their hands when they hear a word with /a/ in it.
7. For assessment, distribute a picture page and help students name each picture.  Ask each student to circle the pictures whose name have a=/a/ in it.

Reference:  Eldredge, J. Loyd, Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms.  Prentice Hall, Inc.  1995, p. 54-68.

Click here to return back to Insights