Rationale: In order for a child to learn to read and to succeed at spelling, they must have the understanding that each letter of the alphabet represents a phoneme. Not only do they have to understand this, but they have to know what each letter of the alphabet is and what sound it makes. This lesson will help children understand that the letter ‘L’ is represented by the phoneme /l/. It will also help the child learn how to write the letter as well as say it properly. After this lesson, children should be able to positively identify the letter ‘L’ and phoneme /l/ in written and spoken words.
Materials: Primary paper, pencil, flashcards containing some words with ‘L’ and some without (ex: lake, look, land, fox, bush, car), worksheet for assessment, more flashcards with pictures of objects that start with the letter ‘L’ such as lollipops, lizards or lemonade, and a laminated piece of construction paper with this ‘L’ tongue twister on it, ‘Lindsey likes to lick lemon and lime lollipops’, and the 12 Leaping Lizards book by Jan Ramero Stevens .
1. Introduce the lesson by explaining that every letter of the alphabet has its own special sound as well as its own special way of being spoken by moving our mouth. Ask the children if they know how to write the letter ‘L’ or if they know what sound the letter ‘L’ makes. Tell them that today, we are going to learn all about the letter ‘L’ and learn how to recognize it when we see it in words and hear it when people speak.
2. Have you ever told your mom or your dad that you love them? Well, The phoneme /l/ for the letter ‘L’ sounds like, LLLLLLL. Who can tell me where the LLLLLLL sound is in the word, ‘love’? That’s right!! At the beginning. This is the sound we will be looking for throughout our time together today.
3. Let’s all look now at the tongue twister that is written on this piece of construction paper. It says, ‘Lindsey likes to lick lemon and lime lollipops’. Now that I have said it, can you all say it back to me? Good!! Now that you have all said it, let’s do it one more time but all together this time, and instead of just reading it, let’s read it in a silly way by stretching out all of the /l/ sounds in the words that have the letter ‘L’. LLLindsey LLLikes to LLLick LLLemon and LLLime LLLoLLLipops. Nice job everybody!! Now say that same sentence, but leave out the sound /l/ in each word. Great!! Can you now see how important it is to recognize and read all of the phonemes in order for every word you read to make sense?
4. Now that we all know what the letter ‘L’ looks like and how to make the sound /l/, let’s practice writing the letter. Everybody take out your paper and pencil. I am going to show you how to write the letter ‘L’ and then I want you to copy what I did on your paper. Start by putting your pencil at the roof and go all the way through the floor and stop at the basement. Keep your pencil on the basement and make a short line across the basement to complete your ‘L’. When you are finished I would like to see how well everyone did. Great job everybody!! Now that you are all experts writing our special letter for the day, practice writing it 10 more times on your paper and when you are done I will put a sticker on your paper. Now, you will always be able to recognize a word with the letter ‘L’ or /l/ sound in it!!
5. Now we are going to do a fun activity to see how well you remember what we just talked about in our lesson about the letter ‘L’. Here are some flashcards with a different word on each card. When I hold up the card, raise your hand if it is a word with the /l/ sound in it, if it’s not, don’t raise your hand. Terrific!! Now I am going to hold up some flashcards that have pictures on them that also have a word with the /l/ sound in them. When I hold up the flashcard, I will randomly call on each of you to see if you can read the word and when you do, tell me if the /l/ sound is in the beginning, middle or end of the word.
6. Read, Twelve Lizards Leaping, by Jan Ramero Stevens and have the children clap when they hear words containing the /l/ sound as I read. At the end, children will share all of the words that they heard with the letter ‘L’ in them!
7. Okay everybody, now that we have learned all about the letter ‘L’, I am going to give you a fun worksheet so I can see just how well you all paid attention during our time today. In this worksheet you will see 15 pictures. You need to circle all of the pictures that contain the /l/ sound and then write what the picture is on the lines given below each picture. When you are done with it, turn it over to the back where it is blank and write me a message using at least 4 words containing the letter ‘L’. When you are finished with all of that, I will give you some time (if you choose) to share your message with your friends.
The Reading Genie Website:
Nancy’s Nice Nose by Lindsay Dean
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