Easy Steps for Summarization
Rationale: One of the most important things in teaching children to learn to read is comprehension. This lesson is designed to teach children summarization, which will benefit them a great amount when trying to remember what they are reading.
Materials: pencil, paper, several copies How Goose Got Ready for Winter, (by David Wingfield from Spider Magazine for Children. October 2002 vol. 9 number 10) pg.21-24
Procedures: 1. “Today we are going to learn how to summarize what we read, in order to help us remember it more. When you summarize you pick out the most important details and write them down and you leave out the less important parts.”
2. There are six easy steps that will help you summarize and pick out the important parts from the less important parts of the story. Here are the six steps (I will write them on the chalkboard): 1. “Delete unimportant information, 2. Delete redundant information, 3. Substitute easy terms for lists of items, 4. Add a series of events with an action term, 5. Select a topic sentence, 6. Invent a topic sentence if there is none.”
3. I will read a section from the magazine aloud to the class and then have the group as a whole help me summarize what I read on the board. I will ask them to think of the important facts that I read and will list them on the board and will continue to follow the six steps.
4. I will have the children silently read the article and then try to summarize it by using the six steps as we did before on the board.
5.For assessment I will take up the student’s summarizes and will walk around with a checklist of specific criteria while they are completing them to make sure they are following the steps correctly.
Reference: Pressley, M. Johnson, C.J., Symons, S., McGoldrick,
J.A., and Kurity, J.A. (1989). Strategies that improve children’s memory
and comprehension of text. The Elementary School Journal. Volume 90, number
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