Emergent Literacy Lesson Design
Allison Felton

ch,ch,ch,ch, CHoooo, CHoooo!!

Rationale:  It is extremely important for children to learn about and recognize phonemes.  Many children are able to recognize a majority of letters in the alphabet, but do not understand that letters stand for phonemes.  This knowledge is vital for children to learn in order to read and spell.  This lesson will help children with the phoneme ch = /ch/.  This is a tricky correspondence because "c" normally makes a /k/ sound, and "h" makes a /h/ sound.  When blended together, though, these letters make the /ch/ sound, which can be found in numerous words.  Students will learn to write these letter symbols correctly, hear the /ch/ sound in spoken words and find the /ch/ sound in written words.

Materials:  primary paper and pencil, book entitled Choo Choo, the Story of a Little Engine who Ran Away by: Virginia Lee Burton (Houghton Mifflin Co.), chart with tongue twister "Charley Chose to Chew on Chopped Chilies which Left His Mouth not so Charming", worksheet containing pictures of a church, flower, chair, book, charm on a bracelet, house, chocolate bar, and car, and cards containing the letters "ch"

Procedure:
1.  Introduce the lesson by explaining that not only do individual letters make sounds, but also sometimes two letters can be combined to make one sound.  Today we are going to learn about the /ch/ sound in written and spoken words.

2.  Have you ever heard a train come roaring down the train tracks?  It makes a /ch/ sound.  This is the sound that we will be finding today in words.  Let's see if you can hear it when I say the word "chair".  Ch, Ch, Chhhhair.  I said it!  Did you hear the train sound /ch/, too?

3.  Now I want you to practice saying the choo-choo sound.  Let's start by saying this tongue twister together on the chart.  "Charley chose to chew on chopped chilies which left his mouth not so charming."  Good!  Let's say it again, but this time we are going to stretch out the /ch/ sound as we say it.  "Chhharly chhhose to chhhew on chhhopped chhhiles whichhh left his mouth not so chhharming."  Great job!!

4.  Have students take out a piece of primary paper and a pencil.  We are now going to practice writing the letters "ch" which make the /ch/ sound.  Let's start with the "c".  Put your pencil under the fence line and curve around to the sidewalk and stop.  Everyone hold up your "c" for me to see.  Good!  Let's try writing the "h".  Put your pencil at the top of the sky and draw a line straight down.  Go back up over this line until you get to the fence.  Now curve over and touch the sidewalk.  Everyone show me your "h".  Great!  Now let's practice writing them together in a row.  Remember ...when you see these letters together they make the /ch/ sound in words.

5.  Now we are going to practice hearing the /ch/ sound in spoken words.  (Call on students individually.)  Do you hear /ch/ in chair or sofa?  couch or table?  building or church?  munch or eat?  stir or churn?

6.  We are now going to sing a song to practice using the /ch/ sound.  The tune to this song is: "Skip to My Lou".  (Review tune of song and  model once how to play this game.  Then ask students to raise their hands to participate.)

Song Lyrics:
Who has a word that starts with /ch/?
Starts, starts, starts with /ch/?
Who has a word that starts with /ch/?
Skip to my Lou, my darling!

Example:
Chess is a word that starts with /ch/.
Starts, starts, starts with /ch/.
Chess is a word that starts with /ch/.
Skip to my Lou, my darling!

We will then try the song again, but using ending sounds.  For example:  "Crunch is a word that ends with /ch/..."

7.  Read the story Choo Choo, the Story of a Little Engine Who Ran Away, and ask the kids to listen for the /ch/ sound as I read. (I will emphasize any words that contain the /ch/ sound.)  Pass out "ch" cards.  Reread this story and ask the kids to hold up their "ch" cards when they hear a word with the /ch/ sound.  As we find the words, I will write them on the board for the kids to visualize.

8.  For assessment, ask children to complete their worksheet.  Ask each child to color the pictures that contain the /ch/ sound and then to write, using invented spelling, the word below each picture.

References:

 Choo Choo, the Story of a Little Engine Who Ran Away, written by   Virginia Lee Burton (1937), published by Houghton Miflin Co.

 Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms, written by Lloyd    Eldredge (1995), published by Prentice Hall, pgs. 53 & 58-59.

 www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/insights/shealeyel.html/
  *Chocolate Choo Choo Chicken by De Shealey

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