Beginning Reading
by: Melissa Parrish

Rationale:  In order for children to learn to read they need to understand that a phoneme can represent more than one letter.  This is called a diagraph.  A diagraph is two letters that when together make one sound.  In this lesson, students will learn that when c and h come together they make the /ch/ sound.  The students will read and learn to recognize words containing this diagraph.

Materials:       Lower-case letters for each student [c,h,i,p,a,t,u,g,o,k,c,m,n]
                        Letter box squares for each student
                        Ch worksheet for assessment
                        Martin, Bill Jr. Chicka Chicka Boom Boom. Simon & Schuster Inc. 1989. New York: NY.
                        Tongue Twister:  "Charlie chopped chocolate while cheering cheers."
                        Overhead Projector
1. Today we are going to learn about ch.  When c and h come together they make the /ch/ sound.  Let’s all say it together (ch,ch,ch). Great!  This is the sound we hear in words like chocolate and chips.  Let’s stress the ch in chocolate (ch, ch, ch, chocolate). Wonderful!  

2. Now we are going to say a tongue twister….that is full of ch sounds.  Charlie chopped chocolate while cheering cheers.  Now repeat.  Good.  Now let’s really stress the ch sound when we say it this time. Ex. Chhhharlie chhhopped…. Fantastic! Look at how your mouth moves when we say /ch/.  When you make the ch sound your tongue starts at the roof of your mouth and moves behind your teeth.  Great job!

3. We will practice spelling words containing the ch sound using our letter boxes.  When we use our letter boxes only one sound can go in each box.  Is /ch/ one sound or two?  One, right!  Words:  3[chip, chat, chug, chop, chick, chum], 4[chunk, chimp]. Next I will spell these words out on the overhead projector and ask the students to read the words.  Can anyone tell me what word this is?  Right, chip.  Great!

4. I will have the students pull out their copy of Chicka Chicka Boom Boom and read along with me.  Have you ever seen a tree like this?  This is a coconut tree.  In this story the first letter of the alphabet challenges all the other letters to join her in the tree.  Will there be enough room?  To find out we have read. Every time we hear the /ch/ sound; we will stress the /ch/ by saying CH! Let’s begin.

Assessment: I will then pass out a work sheet containing ch words.  The student will circle the words that contain ch in them and match them with their picture.  

Reference:  Lori Hunter:  Ch, Ch, Ch, Charlie.

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