Chugga Chugga Choo Choooooo!
Beginning Reading
Jara Walden

Rationale:  To learn to read and spell words children need to learn phonemes and their letter correspondences.  Some phonemes are represented by two letters that go together to make one sound such as /ch/.  This is called a digraph.  It is important for children to learn the letters that go together to make one sound so that when they see these letters together they will know that they work together to make the sound /ch/. The digraph /ch/ is common in the English language.  This lesson will give the children practice in recognizing the /ch/ sound when they see the letters c and h together in print.

Materials: primary paper and pencil, chart with "Chad will chew and chomp the cheeseburger," drawing paper and crayons, Elkonin boxes and letter manipulatives (c,h,a,s,e,l,u,n,k,i,p), and a class set of the book A Peach for Chad by Anna Cimochowski

1. Begin by reviewing with the children the phonemes represented by the letters c and h.  "We are used to c making the sound /k/ and h making the sound /h/. Sometimes when two letters are put together they make one mouth move (sound) instead of two.  The letters c and h make the sound /ch/.  This is important for you to know so that you can read and spell words with ch."

2. Ask students: "Have you ever heard the sound of a train?  The /ch/ sound is like the sound of a train.  Chugga Chugga…Choo Choo!  We are going to practice finding /ch/ in words and we will learn how to spell words that have the /ch/ sound."

3. "Let's try the tongue twister on the chart.  Listen for the /ch/ sound in the words.  'Chad will chew and chomp the cheeseburger.' Everybody say it together.

4. Now, tell me which word you hear /ch/ in: chat or talk?, child or kid?, coach or team?, teacher or student?

5. Read: the first half of A Peach for Chad and have the students clap when they hear the /ch/ sound.

6. Now, I will write some words that have /ch/ in them on the board.  Model a word first so that the children can see how to find and recognize /ch/ in words.  Write the word chat on the board.  "Let's see if I can read this word.  I see the c and h together so I know that says /ch/.  /ch/-/a/-/t/.  Oh, the word is chat like I chat with my friends.  See if you can read these words." (chop, bunch)  Let the children read the words.  Help only if they have trouble.

7. "Now, lets practice writing ch. When you get used to seeing c and h together and you practice by writing them, you will be able to remember that together they make the sound /ch/."  Have the children write ch on primary paper.

8. Now, everyone take out your letter boxes and the letters c,h,a,s,e,l,u,n,k,i,p. The first word will need three letter boxes.  Spell chip.  Good job. Now, keep the three letter boxes and spell chin.  Great!  Now, you will need four letter boxes.  Spell lunch. Now spell pinch.  You all did very good.

9. For assessment have the children finish reading A Peach for Chad quietly and walk around to monitor them reading words with ch.

10. Reference:  Eldredge, Lloyd J. (1995).  Teaching Decoding in Holistic Classrooms. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc. 1995. (     ).

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