Beginning to Read
Rationale: For children to read words they must recognize the phonemes in each word. Some phonemes can have two letters. Digraphs can be hard for children to recognize because they are phonemes with two letters. "Ck" is a digraph that is hard to recognize. Children will learn the "ck" digraph by reading and spelling words that contain the "ck" digraph. After this lesson children will be able to recognize that when the letters "c" and "k" are put together they are pronounced /k/.
The book, Make Way for Ducklings by Robert McCloskey, Scholastic Inc.
Tongue twister “Jack the Duck hit the puck and said Quack Quack” written on
Elkonin Boxes and letter manipulative (“ck”(taped together), d,u,p,s,a,b,l,j)
for each child
Primary Paper and Pencil for each child
Cards with a duck on it and cards with a pig on it- one of each for each child.
(obtained from Clip Art in Windows).
1. “ Today we are going to practice reading and spelling the digraph ck. The letters "c" and "k" are put together to make one sound. The letters make the /k/ sound. Can everyone practice making the /k/ sound? When we made that sound our tongue touched the roof of our mouth and we pushed air out of our mouth didn’t we?”
3. “Now lets see if you can say this tongue twister I have written on the board. “Jack the Duck hit the puck and said Quack Quack” Good….. Now lets say it again slowly. Did you hear the /k/ sound a lot? Did you notice that your tongue was touching the roof of your mouth?
4. Now I will hand out a card with a duck and a card with a pig on it to each child. “You are going to use these cards in our next activity. I am going to say two a word and if it has the /k/ sound in it I want you to lift the card high that has the duck on it. If it doesn’t raise the card with a pig on it high. We are using the duck because it has the /k/ sound in it but pig doesn’t. Now does the word luck have the /k/ sound? Slug? Jack? Slide? Pack? Big? Quack?
5. “Now we are going to practice spelling
words with the ck digraph.” Give each child a letterbox and letters. Explain
that the c and k are taped together because together they make the /k/
sound. “We are going to start with three boxes. That means that there will
be three sounds. There is one box for each sound in the word. If I ask
you to spell the word duck you would put the d in the first box because
it’s the first sound we hear, the u in the second because it’s the second
sound we hear, and the ck in the last because it’s the last sound we hear.
Are you ready to start?” Using the three boxes only, have the children
spell the words: pack, buck, luck, jack, sick. “Good…… Now let’s use four
boxes. This means there will be how many sounds? (4) Using the four boxes
only, have the children spell the words: clock, smack Good….. Now lets
do the same thing but with five boxes. Lets spell the word: cracker. Good
job!! Now I’m going to write some words on the board and I want you to
read them.” Teacher will write the words that were just used in letterbox
6. “Now using your paper and pencil I want you to write at least on good sentence using words that have the /k/ sound. If you need a little help think about the words written on the board.
7. Children will read the book Make Way for Ducklings. Have students look for the ck. Then have the children call out words that had this sound in it for you to write on the board.
8. For assessment I will have the children choose from a list of words the ones that have the “k” sound. They are to write them on their primary paper. I will then walk around the room and ask the children to read the words they have written.
O’Brien Barclay. http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/breakthroughs/obrienbr.html
The Reading Genie http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/insights.
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