How Can We Comprehend What We Read?
Rationale: In order for children to become good skilled readers and be able to comprehend what they read they need to understand a storyâs structure. Children need to be able to create a mental picture in their head of the things going on in the book. They also need to be able to understand who the characters are, the plot, and the resolution. It is also important for children to be able to generate questions concerning the story, and in turn also to answer questions about the story.
Materials: (1.) Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day, (2.) worksheet with questions for each child, (3.) blank piece of paper for each child, (4.) lined paper for each child, and (5.) colored pencils, markers, pencils and crayons.
Procedures: Today we are going to talk about the reading comprehension. It is important when reading a story that you try to create a mental image in your head of what is going on in the book. Letâs try this situation. I want you all to close your eyes and listen to my voice and create a picture in your mind. Pretend you are on the beach. It is a beautiful day with the wind blowing. You see some dolphins swimming further out in the ocean. Then you see some seagulls, and decide to feed them some bread. Okay, did everyone have an image in his or her head? Good. Now lets talk about generating good questions. It is extremely important that you ask questions when you are confused about something in the book. We also need to remember the main events in the story and how the problem is solved. Now you are going to read the book Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day. We are going to talk about things as you read. (Teacher asks questions like who this story about? What are some of the things that are going wrong?, how do you think the story will end?, etc.) Children will be allowed to respond to the questions. We will also talk about creating that picture in their head.
Now that we have finished reading the story I would like you to get out
the lined paper I gave you and I would like you to write a brief summarization
of what happened in this story. When you finished with that I would
like you to draw a picture of some of the mental images you pictured in
Now, We are going to take a sort of quiz about the story. I would like everyone to please do his or her own work so that I know what we are having difficulty with.
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