Learning to Summarize
Comprehension is the main goal of reading. Summarization
is a great way for children to
acquire the skills for comprehension. This lesson will help children
summarize and comprehend what they read through a story.
Book: The Storm by Anne Rockwell (multiple
copies for everyone), paper, pencils
- First, introduce the lesson by
explaining that understanding what you read is very important. “Anytime you read a book, you need to try to
comprehend what you read. This means to
try and understand the text. One way of
doing this is called summarizing. Summarizing
is taking the information you read, deleting unimportant things, and
giving the main points of the story. A summary can usually be put into
- Next, pass out the books to everyone. “Now, I would like for each of you to start
reading silently from the book. You will
have plenty of time to complete the book so don’t worry about who will
finish first and last. As you read, I want
you to think about the main points in the story. When
everyone has finished the book, we will move on to our summarizing
- When every child has finished, give
each child one page from the book to summarize. Ask
everyone to get out a sheet of paper and a pencil.
“Now that everyone has finished the book, I want you to
close your books and listen carefully to your instructions. I will give everyone on page to summarize. You need to read your page and write a brief
summary on your paper. When you have
written several sentences, I will take up the summaries.
Take you time and focus on only the main points of the story. When everyone has finished, we will read the
summaries out loud and combine them to make one main idea.
- Allow time for each child to read his
or her story out loud. When everyone has had their turn, ask the
students to raise their hand and tell you what the main idea of the
whole story was. “Now class, those were
great summarizes. I want you to raise your
hand and tell me what you think the main point of the whole book was.”
If possible, allow every child a chance to discuss what he or she feels
is the main point. Discuss with them what
you think the main point it and see if they agree.
- Assessment: The
teacher should take up all of the summaries and read them privately. This will allow the teacher to see who
understands how to summarize and who comprehends the story.
Length of Summary
Does the summary include the main topics?
Is the summary original and creative?
Rockwell, Anne. The Storm .Hyperion Books
Children, New York,
Blair, Jill. "So You Want to be President"
Click here for Guidelines.