The Baby is Crying
Children have to understand that letters map out
phonemes and those combined letters map out words. Short vowels
are the hardest for beginners to grasp. In this lesson, the
students will learn that /a/ can be represented in spoken and written
words. The will have the opportunity to sound out /a/ by
repeating tongue twisters, raising their hands when /a/ is heard in a
story, recognizing pictures that have the phoneme /a/ in them, and by
practicing writing the letter a that represents the phoneme /a/.
You will need chart paper with the tongue twister
ö A sad lad pats a cat while the cat naps. Primary paper and pencil for
each student. A picture page of a rat, boat, bat, sun, cap, and
flower for each student. A copy of A Cat Nap (Educational
Insights) for each student.
- Explain that letters stand for the sounds and
mouth moves made when we speak. Say: Today we will practice
recognizing the mouth move /a/.
- Ask: Have you ever heard a baby cry and make
the sound /a/? Can you say /a/ with me? Letās stretch it
- Say: A sad lad pats a cat while the cat
naps (Point to the words, written on chart paper, as you read every
time you read it). Letās all say it three times together. Now
letās say it again, this time stretching out the /a/ sound.
- Say: Take out your primary paper and
pencil. Explain that the letter a represents the sound
/a/. To write a, letās think of it this way. Start
right below the fence. Curve up to the fence. Hop along the
fence and quickly curve down to the sidewalk. Curve back up a
little after you hop on the sidewalk. Close the space by starting
at the fence and drawing a straight line all the way down to the
- Ask the students if they hear /a/ in cat
or cape? Nap or ape? Late or tap?...Then
ask the students to raise their hands when they hear /a/ in the tongue
twister from earlier ö A sad lad pats a cat while the cat naps.
- Read A Cat Nap (Educational
Insights). Reread and have students clap when they hear
/a/. List those words on chart paper.
- Have each student write a message about their
own cat or about a cat they have seen.
- To assess, hand out a page with pictures and
ask the students to circle the pictures with the sound /a/ in them.
A Cat Nap. Educational Insights: Carson,
Make That Baby Cry
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