In Your Own
Comprehension is a very important of aspect of reading. In order for children to comprehend what they
have read, they must understand the text.
Summarization is an excellent strategy for children to use to
comprehension. This lesson is designed
to teach students how to summarize.
copies of the article, “Face to Face, Can humans
and mountain lions learn to share their turf?” from
1. Explain to the
students the importance of comprehension and the use of summarization. “When we read something it is very important
that we comprehend what we are reading.
When we comprehend something, we understand it.
There are different ways that we can work on
building this understanding and one of the best ways is summarizing. Summarizing is when we read something and pay
attention to the important information and get rid of information that
2. “I am going to
read a few sentences off of the board.”
The teacher will then read these sentences:
My mom and I woke up Saturday morning. We
We got in the car. We had to stop
at a couple of red lights. We went to
the library. I checked out four
books. “These six sentences are all
focusing on one idea, which is going to the library.
All of this information is not needed for you
to remember the most important information.
We could summarize this paragraph in two sentences:
My mom and I went to the library on
Saturday. I checked out four books.
These two sentences tell us the most important information that we want
to remember and get rid of the information that is not needed.” The teacher will write these two sentences on
the board to show the students the difference.
“Notice that I did not copy any of the sentences.
I read them and put the important ideas in my
3. The teacher will
then hand out a copy of “Face to Face, Can humans and mountain lions
share their turf?” to each student. A
highlighter will also be handed out to each student.
4. The teacher will
then explain to the students what they are about to do.
“I have given each of you a copy of the
article, “Face to Face, Can humans and mountain lions learn to share
turf?” and a highlighter. I would like
for each of you to read this article silently and highlight information
you believe is very important to the article.
While you are doing this I am going to walk around the room and
see what you are highlighting. After
everyone is finished highlighting, we are going to talk about what you
were the most important facts in the article.”
5. The teacher will
walk around the room observing what each child is highlighting.
After all of the children have completed reading the
article the teacher will call their attention to the board. “What did you all find to be the most
important parts of this article. Please
raise you hand.” The students will tell
what parts they found to be most important and the class will discuss
these facts and why they are important to the article
7. The teacher will
then give the children a piece of paper and a pencil.
“Now I would like for all of you to write me
a summary of this article. Remember the
summary will include only information that is important to the article
not have repeated information. Also it
is very important that you do not copy directly from the article. This needs to be in your own words.”
teacher will assess the students by reading their summaries. He
or she will check to make sure that the important information from the
article is included in the summaries. They will also check to
make sure trivial or repeated information is not included in the
to return to Guidelines.