Emergent Literacy Design
Rationale: Children need to know the letters of the alphabet in order to learn words. In order to do this they must be able to recognize phonemes in spoken sounds and words. Short vowels are hard for children to learn. This lesson will help children recognize the sound /a/ in spoken words as well as recognize the letter a in written words.
1. Introduce the letter A. Explain that every letter in the alphabet has a sound and one of the sounds that A makes is /a/. Today we are going to work on making the sound /a/. We are going to try to find the sound /a/ hidden in words.
2. Ask student, “Have you ever heard a baby cry?” It sounds like /aaaaaaaaaaaaaa/. Can you make that sound with your mouth? Let’s pretend that we are a crying baby. Rub your eyes and make an /aaaaaaaaaa/ sound with your mouth.
3. Let’s say this tongue twister together. “Dan ran around the cat very fast.” Now let’s act like a baby every time we hear the /a/ sound. “Daaan raaan aaaround the caaat very faaast.” Let’s try it again and break off the/a/ sound every time. “D /a/ n r /a/ n /a/ round the c /a/ t very f /a/ st.”
4. Have student use his/her primary paper to write the letter a. Let’s see if we could write the letter a. You start below the fence, swoop down to the sidewalk, and then back up to the fence. Finally you come back down to the sidewalk and make a small hook. Once I see you’re a, I want you to write nine more.
5. See if the student can pick out the /a/ sound in spoken words. I am going to give you two words and I want you to tell me which one you hear the /a/ sound in. Can or kite. Sand or dirt. Land or sea. Back or front.
Give the student the index cards with the words on them. Have the student circle the word that has the /a/ sound in it.
Sanders: F is for FISH
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