believe that it is very important for
students to recognize and learn the letters of the alphabet. Being able to recognize the written form of a
letter and then stating the sound that the letter makes is a huge step
reading. The goal of this lesson is to
help students become familiar with the written form of the letter F as
being familiar with the /f/ sound. Not
only do we want students to be able to write and recognize F, we also
students to recognize the sound F makes.
paper, pencils, tongue twister on
chart paper, picture activities (can be found in a phonics workbook),
Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish, by Dr. Seuss.
Frank found five furry friends.
- Discuss with students that each letter
in the alphabet makes a different sound. We
have already covered many of the sounds, but today we are going to talk
about the letter F. Can anybody tell me
what sound they think F makes? Very good,
F makes the fff sound. One way we can
remember the /f/ sound is by feeling what position our mouth is in when
we say the /f/ sound. Everybody say /f/
with me. Do you feel top front teeth on
your bottom lip? Can anybody tell me were
you feel your tongue? Well, your tongue
should be pushing against your bottom teeth. Do
ya’ll feel that? Very good! Now this is the fun part.
put your hand in front of your mouth. Now
say /f/. Did you feel the air blowing out
of your mouth? I sure did. But I felt the air shooting up
towards my nose. If you put your fingers on your nose and say /f/
do you feel
the air? Very good class! Now you know how the /f/ sound is
made. So what sound does the F make? Very
good, the /f/ sound.
- Now we are going to practice listening
for the /f/ sound. I am going to say two
different words. I will say each word and
then I will ask the class as a whole to raise their hand for the word
that they heard /f/ in. Do you hear /f/ in
fish or dog? Now raise your hand when you
hear /f/. Fish or dog? Do you hear /f/ in snack or
or pussy? Fat or Cat? Frog or Pond? Belt or
What are some other words that you can think
of that make the /f/ sound?
- Have students think
of their own words
that have the /f/ sound either in the beginning, middle, or end. Write these words on the board so that
students can see the F that makes the /f/ sound. If
a student should say a word like phone, which makes the /f/ sound. Write the word fone on the board.
Explain to students that phone does make the /f/ sound and
that most of the time the /f/ sound goes with the letter F. Explain that there are some words that make
the /f/ sound but do not use the letter F. Tell
students that today we are going to focus only on the sound /f/ that is
made by the letter /f/. Tell the student
that they were correct that phone does make the /f/ sound.
Do not make the child feel as if they were wrong!
- Tell students that
we are going to be
practicing writing the uppercase F. On the
board, create a line with a dotted line so that students can follow
your lead. Explain that when you write an
uppercase F, you put your pencil at the roof of the line and go
straight down to the floor. Next, place
your pencil back at the roof. Make a
straight line out to make a hat on the stick. Next,
starting at the fence, make a belt going to the right.
This belt is just a little shorter than the hat. After that, you have made your F.
- Show the students
the Tongue Twister
that is on chart paper. Read the tongue twister to your students one
time. Ask them if they heard the /f/ sound. Now tell them whenever they hear the /f/ sound
you want them to rub their noses. Have you
ever listened to the fizz of a coke? Well,
it makes the /f/ sound. Have you ever
drunk out of the glass when the coke was still fizzing? Did it
tickle your nose? Well,
whenever you hear the /f/ or the fizzing of the coke I want you to rub
your nose because the fizz or the /f/ sound is tickling your nose. Read funny Frank found five furry friends. Watch to make sure students rubbed their noses
when they heard the /f/ sound.
- Read the book, One Fish, Two Fish,
Red Fish, Blue Fish to the class. Have
them listen for the /f/ sound. On certain
pages ask the students to listen for the /f/ sound and rub their nose
when they hear the sound.
students complete a worksheet
practicing with the /f/ sound. For each
question, have a picture that starts with /f/ and one that does not. Have students decide which picture has the
/f/ sound and circle the picture. Have
students practice writing the uppercase F on their primary paper.
Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish,
Blue Fish. New
Random House Books for Young Children, 1960.
"F is for Fish", http://www.auburn.edu/rdggenie/insp/sanderscel.html
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