Growing
Independence and Fluency
Laura Estill

Rationale:

Materials:

• A copy of the book Toad Eats Out for each pair of students
• “Sail into reading fluency” graphs for each student (for one minute reads)
• 1 stopwatch for each pair of students
• Paper and pencil for each student

Procedures:

1. Begin the lesson by reviewing the a few correspondences.  For this book, review each of the correspondences for /A/ and /U/.  Ask the students to display their knowledge of these sounds by suggesting some words with these correspondences.
2. Next, does a book talk for the book, Toad Eats Out?  This book is about a toad and it is his birthday!   He gets in the car and picks up his friend Bug, and they go to their favorite restaurant.  But, when they get there something really exciting happens!  To find out what happens when Toad and Bug get to the restaurant, let’s all read this book!
3. Divide the students into pairs and have them buddy read the book together.
4. When all of the students are done reading the book, read the first two pages aloud modeling how not to read, (without fluency and with no expression, big pauses between words, etc.)  “It’s my bir th d ay!  I can do what I want.  I want to eat in a rest au rant!”
5. Next, read the same two pages aloud modeling how to read fluently and with expression. “It’s my birthday!  I can do what I want.  I want to eat in a restaurant!”
6. Ask students to tell you what was different in the two ways of reading. Explain to the students the importance of reading with fluency and expression. “It is very important for us to read smoothly and use expression so that we will understand what we are reading and we will enjoy it.”
7. Give each pair a stopwatch and two “sail into reading fluency” graphs.  Teach the students how to use the stopwatch.  Also, explain to the students how to do one minute reads.  The students should time each other reading the book for one minute.  At the end of the minute, the student should count up the words and move the sail boat to indicate how fast the reading was in words per minute.  Also, each student needs to record the time on his/her paper.   Have the students switch and time each other.  Make sure the students do at least 3 timings.
8. For assessment, collect each of the students papers and compare their first and last timings to see if their fluency has improved.

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