Growing Independence and Fluency
readers have the skill to not only read faster than their non-fluent
also to read smoother and with more expression. When children are
decode words effortlessly reading becomes much more enjoyable for them,
increasing the time they spend reading. The goal of this lesson is to
students how to speed up their reading as well as practice smooth
expression. The lesson will involve reading and re-reading
for one minute reads to give students
the practice needed to learn to read faster.
- A copy of
the book Toad Eats Out for each pair
- “Sail into
reading fluency” graphs for each student (for one minute reads)
- 1 stopwatch
for each pair of students
- Paper and
pencil for each student
- Begin the
lesson by reviewing the a few correspondences. For this book,
review each of the correspondences for /A/ and /U/. Ask the
students to display their knowledge of these sounds by suggesting some
words with these correspondences.
- Next, does a book talk for the book, Toad Eats Out? This book is about a toad and it is
his birthday! He gets in the car and
picks up his friend Bug, and they go to their favorite restaurant. But, when they get there something really
exciting happens! To find out what happens
when Toad and Bug get to the restaurant, let’s all read this book!
the students into pairs and have them buddy read the book together.
all of the students are done reading the book, read the first two pages
aloud modeling how not to read, (without fluency and with no
expression, big pauses between words, etc.) “It’s
my bir th d ay! I can do what I want. I want to eat in a rest au rant!”
read the same two pages aloud modeling how to read fluently and with
expression. “It’s my birthday! I can do
what I want. I want to eat in a
- Ask students to tell you what was different
in the two ways of reading. Explain to the students the importance of
reading with fluency and expression. “It is very important for us to
read smoothly and use expression so that we will understand what we are
reading and we will enjoy it.”
- Give each pair a stopwatch and two “sail
into reading fluency” graphs. Teach the students how to use the
stopwatch. Also, explain to the students how to do one minute
reads. The students should time each other reading the book for
one minute. At the end of the minute, the student should count up
the words and move the sail boat to indicate how fast the reading was
in words per minute. Also, each student needs to record the time
on his/her paper. Have the students switch and time each
other. Make sure the students do at least 3 timings.
assessment, collect each of the students papers and compare their first
and last timings to see if their fluency has improved.
Susan and Buller, Jon. Toad
Eats Out. Random House, 1995.
Pieplow Speedy Reading
Asbury Let’s Leap into Reading
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